Opinions of the State Council on Comprehensively Establishing a Living Subsidy for Severely Disabled Persons and a Severely Disabled Nursing Subsidy System
Subsistence allowances for disabled persons with disabilities mainly subsidize the extra living expenses of disabled persons due to their disability. They are targeted at persons with disabilities in the subsistence allowances. Where conditions permit, they can be gradually extended to low-income disabled persons and other persons with disabilities. The identification standards for low-income disabled persons and other disabled persons with disabilities shall be formulated by local people's governments at or above the county level with reference to relevant regulations and in combination with actual conditions. Severe disability care subsidy mainly subsidizes the additional long-term care expenditures caused by the disabled due to their disability. It is targeted at the severely disabled with a disability graded as Class I or II and requiring long-term care. The mentally disabled or other disabled people have gradually promoted the formation of a nursing subsidy system for all those who need long-term care for the disabled. Long-term care refers to spending on special care consumer goods and care services due to disability that lasts more than 6 months.
The two subsidy standards for the disabled are determined by the provincial people's government according to the level of economic and social development, the needs for the living security of the disabled, and the long-term care needs, and are adjusted in due course. Where possible, the level of subsidy can be formulated in accordance with the different levels of difficulty of the disabled to improve the accuracy of the system and increase the intensity of the subsidy.
The two subsidies for the disabled are paid monthly in cash. Where there are conditions, the subsidy categories and standards can be classified in detail according to actual conditions, and severe disability care subsidies can be issued in the form of reimbursement or government purchase of services.
(1) Voluntary application. The two subsidies for the disabled shall submit a written application to the street office or township government reception counter where the household registration is located. The legal guardians, legal maintenance, support, and support obligors of disabled persons, the villagers (residents) committees or other clients can handle the application on their behalf. To apply for the two subsidies for persons with disabilities, they shall hold the second-generation People's Republic of China Disability Certificate and submit relevant certification materials.
(2) Level-by-level review. Sub-district offices or township governments rely on social assistance and social service "one acceptance, coordinated handling" mechanism, accept two applications for subsidies for persons with disabilities and conduct a preliminary review. Qualified materials for the preliminary examination shall be submitted to the county level disabled federation for relevant review. The qualified materials are transferred to the civil affairs department of the county-level people's government for review and verification. The economic situation of disabled families depends on the checking mechanism of the household's economic situation. The qualified materials shall be submitted by the civil affairs department of the county-level people's government in conjunction with the county-level disability federation to the financial department at the same level for appropriation of funds.
(3) Payment of subsidies. Disabled persons who have passed the qualification examination for subsidy will calculate and pay subsidies in the month they submit the application. The two subsidies for persons with disabilities are issued in a socialized form and deposited into the accounts of persons with disabilities through financial institution transfers. In special cases where cash is required to be issued directly, special supervision measures must be formulated to prevent and eliminate fraudulent collection, repeated collection, and deductions.
(4) Periodic review. Adopt the method of combining the voluntary declaration of disabled persons and regular spot checks by the issuing department, establish a regular review system for the two subsidies for disabled persons, and implement the dynamic management that the two subsidies for disabled persons should be made up and retired. The regular review includes whether the qualifications of the applicant have changed, and whether the subsidy has been paid in full and on time.