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Organic Law of the Urban Residents Committee of the People's Republic of China (Amended on December 29, 2018)

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(Adopted at the eleventh meeting of the Standing Committee of the Seventh National People's Congress on December 26, 1989. Amendment to the Organic Law of the Villagers Committee (Decision of the Organic Law of the People's Republic of China on the Urban Residents Committee)

Article 1 In order to strengthen the construction of urban residents' committees, the masses of urban residents handle their own affairs in accordance with the law, and promote the development of urban grassroots socialist democracy and the development of urban socialist material and spiritual civilization.

Article 2 The residents 'committee is a grassroots mass autonomous organization for residents' self-management, self-education and self-service.

The people's government of a city without a district, or a municipal district, or its dispatched office shall provide guidance, support and assistance to the work of the residents committee. The residents' committee assists the people's government of a city without a district or a municipal district or its dispatched office to carry out its work.

Article 3: The tasks of the residents committee:

(1) Publicize the Constitution, laws, regulations and national policies, safeguard the lawful rights and interests of residents, educate residents to fulfill their obligations according to law, take care of public property, and carry out various forms of socialist spiritual civilization construction activities;

(2) To handle public affairs and public welfare undertakings of the residents in their area;

(3) Mediation of civil disputes;

(4) assist in maintaining social order;

(5) Assisting the people's government or its dispatched agencies in doing public health, family planning, preferential treatment and relief, and youth education related to the interests of residents;

(6) To reflect the opinions, demands and suggestions of the residents to the people's government or its dispatched agencies.

Article 4: Residents' committees shall carry out community service activities for the convenience of the people and may establish related service undertakings.

The residents' committee manages the property of the residents' committee, and no department or unit may infringe the property ownership of the residents' committee.

Article 5: Resident committees in multi-ethnic residential areas shall educate residents to help each other, respect each other, and strengthen national unity.

Article 6: Residents' committees are generally established within the range of one hundred to seven hundred households according to the residents' living conditions and in accordance with the principle of facilitating residents' autonomy.

The establishment, revocation, and scale adjustment of residents' committees are decided by the people's governments of cities without districts and municipal jurisdictions.

Article 7: The residents committee is composed of five to nine directors, deputy directors and members. In multi-ethnic areas, there should be fewer members of ethnic groups in the residents committee.

Article 8 The director, deputy directors and members of the residents committee shall be elected by all residents in the area where they have the right to vote or by representatives of each household; according to the residents' opinions, they may also be elected by two to three representatives of each residents group. Residents' committees are elected for a term of five years, and their members can be re-elected.

Residents of this area who have reached the age of eighteen have the right to vote and be elected regardless of ethnicity, race, gender, occupation, family origin, religion, education, property status, length of residence; however, they are deprived of politics in accordance with law Except the right person.

Article 9 The residents' meeting shall consist of residents over 18 years of age.

Residents' meetings can be attended by all residents over 18 years old or by representatives from each household, or by two to three representatives elected by each residents group.

The residents meeting must be attended by more than half of all residents, household representatives or representatives elected by residents groups over the age of eighteen. Decisions of the meeting were adopted by more than half of the attendees.

Article 10: The residents committee shall be responsible and report to the residents meeting.

The residents meeting is convened and chaired by the residents committee. More than one fifth of residents over 18 years of age, more than one fifth of households, or more than one third of residents' groups proposed that a residents meeting should be convened. For important issues that concern the interests of all residents, the residents committee must ask the residents meeting to discuss and decide.

The residents meeting has the right to remove and by-election members of the residents committee.

Article 11: The residents committee decides the problem and adopts the principle that the minority submits to the majority.

Residents' committees should take a democratic approach to their work and must not force orders.

Article 12: Members of residents committees shall abide by the Constitution, laws, regulations and national policies, act impartially and serve the residents enthusiastically.

Article 13: The residents committee shall set up committees for people's mediation, public security, public health, etc., as needed. Resident committee members can concurrently serve as members of subordinate committees. Residents 'committees with fewer residents may not have subordinate committees, and members of the residents' committees are responsible for the related work.

Article 14 The residents committee may establish several residents groups, and the group leader shall be elected by the residents group.

Article 15 The Residents 'Convention is discussed and formulated by the residents' meeting. It is reported to the people's government of a city without districts or a municipal district or its dispatching authority for the record and shall be supervised and implemented by the residents committee. Residents shall abide by the resolutions of the residents' meeting and the residents convention.

The contents of the residents' convention must not conflict with the Constitution, laws, regulations and national policies.

Article 16 The expenses required by the residents 'committee to handle the public welfare undertakings in its own residential area can be raised from the residents on a voluntary basis after discussion and decision by the residents' meeting. It can also be raised from the beneficiary units in the living area, but it must be approved by the beneficiary units; The debit accounts shall be announced in a timely manner and shall be subject to the supervision of the residents.

Article 17 The working expenses and sources of residents committees, and the scope, standards and sources of living allowances for members of residents committees shall be prescribed and allocated by the people ’s government of a city without a district, a municipal district or a higher people ’s government; with the consent of the residents ’meeting Appropriate subsidies may be given from the economic income of the residents committee.

The office buildings of the residents' committee shall be settled by the local people's government.

Article 18 (1 ) People deprived of political rights according to law are incorporated into residents 'groups, and the residents' committee shall supervise and educate them.

Article 19: Organs, groups, troops, enterprises and institutions shall not participate in the local residents 'committee, but shall support the work of the local residents' committee. The local residents' committee discusses issues related to these units. When they are required to attend the meeting, they should send representatives to participate and abide by the relevant decisions of the residents' committee and the residents' convention.

Employees and their families, soldiers, and family members of the units listed in the preceding paragraph participate in the residents 'committees in the area where they live; the family neighborhoods can set up separate family committees to undertake the work of the residents' committees, and the people's governments in cities without districts Or work under the guidance of its dispatching agency and its unit. The work expenses of family committees, living allowances for members of family committees, and office space shall be settled by the affiliated units.

Article 20 The relevant departments of the people's governments in the municipalities and municipal districts that require the assistance of the residents' committees or their subordinate committees must be agreed and arranged uniformly by the people's governments of the municipalities and municipal districts or their dispatching agencies. Relevant departments of the people's government of a city or a municipal district may provide business guidance to the relevant committees of the residents' committee.

Article 21: This Law applies to the residents committees established at the seat of the people's government of a township, nationality township or town.

Article 22 The Standing Committee of the People's Congress of the provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government may formulate implementation measures in accordance with this Law.

Article 23: This Law shall enter into force on January 1, 1990. The "Regulations on the Organization of Urban Residents' Committees" passed by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress on December 31, 1954 were repealed simultaneously.


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