In order to further establish and improve the care service system for left-behind children, women and the elderly in rural areas, 13 departments including the Ministry of Civil Affairs, the Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of Justice, the Ministry of Finance, and the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security have jointly issued and issued the The "Opinions" (hereinafter referred to as "Opinions") requires that the establishment and improvement of the rural left-behind women care service system be accelerated. To help all sectors of society understand, support and participate in this work, the reporter interviewed relevant persons in charge of the Child Welfare Department of the Ministry of Civil Affairs on the relevant situation of the Opinions.
Strengthening care and care for left-behind women in rural areas is of great significance
Question: What is the background and considerations for the introduction of the Opinions on Strengthening the Care and Service of Rural Left-behind Women?
Answer: The Party Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to the care and service of rural left-behind women. The Nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China clearly called for "the improvement of the care and service system for left-behind children and women and the elderly in rural areas." General Secretary Xi Jinping has made important instructions on the care services for left-behind children, left-behind women and the elderly in rural areas, emphasizing the need to step up and improve relevant policies and measures, improve the care service system for left-behind children, women, and the elderly in rural areas, and provide basic living security for left-behind people. , Education, employment, health, ideological and emotional services. General Secretary Xi Jinping particularly emphasized the need to pay special attention to poor women, women with disabilities, women left behind and other difficult women.
In order to implement the CPC Central Committee ’s decision-making and deployment of the care and care system for left-behind children, women and the elderly in rural areas and the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping ’s important directives, the Ministry of Civil Affairs and the Ministry of Public Security and other 12 departments jointly issued the “Opinions”, aimed at the left-behind women in production and life. Some difficulties and needs faced by China, put forward specific care services measures. The Opinions called for further improving the care and service system for rural left-behind women, improving the working mechanism, and improving their capacity for care and service, giving full play to the unique role of rural left-behind women in social and family life, and maximizing the enthusiasm and initiative of rural left-behind women ,creativity.
The Ministry of Civil Affairs led the introduction of the "Opinions", which is an important instruction given by General Secretary Xi Jinping to the work of civil affairs and the implementation of the spirit of the Fourteenth National Civil Affairs Conference. It is "focusing on poverty alleviation, focusing on special groups, focusing on people's concerns". Effectiveness is a concrete measure that reflects the working philosophy of "civil affairs for the people, civil administration loves the people", and it is also the responsibility of the civil affairs department to "do not forget the original heart and remember the mission".
Q: How to define rural left-behind women? What roles and difficulties do they play in rural social life and family life?
Answer: The rural left-behind women defined in the Opinions refer to women whose husbands have gone out to work, do business, etc. for more than half a year. I have stayed and lived in rural areas.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, rural women have fully carried forward the fine traditions of the Chinese nation to endure hardships, endure hardships, and continue to strengthen themselves. They have played an important role in agricultural and rural development, poverty alleviation, and rural revitalization, especially in family life, child care, elderly care, Agricultural production has played a major role.
At the same time, due to family men's employment, business, and other reasons, rural left-behind women face some difficulties and needs in production and life, such as the heavy burden of family care, fewer employment and entrepreneurial positions and opportunities; lack of emotional care, and relatively spiritual and cultural life Lack; lack of legal knowledge, weak ability to defend rights, etc.
The phenomenon of left-behind women in rural areas is a staged phenomenon in China's economic and social development, and it is an objective reflection of the uneven development of urban and rural areas. Strengthening care services for left-behind women in rural areas is an important part of establishing and perfecting a care system for left-behind children, women, and the elderly in rural areas. It is related to the achievement of poverty alleviation goals and the implementation of rural revitalization strategies.
Caring for rural left-behind women is the mission of the civil affairs department
Question: What basic work has the Ministry of Civil Affairs done for the promulgation of the "Opinions"?
Answer: The Ministry of Civil Affairs, while carrying out care services for left-behind children in rural areas and elderly people left behind, also investigates, studies, and deploys the work of left-behind women in rural areas together. Especially in 2016, the investigation of rural left-behind women was organized.
Since the beginning of this year, the Ministry of Civil Affairs has carried out literature research, coordination and communication, investigation and research, and document drafting on care services for rural left-behind women. At the same time, the leaders of the Ministry visited the All-China Women's Federation, communicated and coordinated the care and service of rural left-behind women, conducted research on the care and service of rural left-behind women, and formed a special survey report.
Based on the research, the "Opinions on Strengthening the Care and Service of Rural Left-behind Women (Draft for Solicitation of Comments)" was drafted, and the relevant departments, relevant departments and bureaus within the ministry, and the civil affairs departments (bureaus) of the provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) were successively consulted Further amendments were made and submitted to the Party Leadership Meeting of the Ministry for review and publication jointly with relevant departments.
Accelerate the establishment of a rural left-behind women care service system
Q: What measures does the "Opinions" propose for caring for rural left-behind women?
Answer: The "Opinions" are divided into four parts. The first part clearly clarifies the significance of strengthening the care and service work of rural left-behind women. The second part puts forward measures for caring for rural left-behind women, especially those in need, and clarifies the support policies for employment and entrepreneurship guidance, spiritual care, rights and interests, and family education. This is the main body of the "Opinions" content. The third part proposes to play the important role of rural left-behind women in social life and family life. The fourth part clarifies the safeguard measures, including strengthening party leadership, strengthening ideological guidance, compacting work responsibilities, and establishing information ledger.
The "Opinions" requires the formulation of policies and measures to improve the level of care and service for rural left-behind women. The first is to strengthen employment and entrepreneurship guidance and improve the employment and entrepreneurship of rural left-behind women. Increase vocational skills training, actively build platforms, provide services for rural left-behind women's entrepreneurship development, provide more jobs, and achieve rural left-behind women's employment nearby. The second is to strengthen spiritual care and enrich the spiritual and cultural life of rural left-behind women. Give full play to the role of grass-roots comprehensive cultural facilities, strengthen the construction of grass-roots public sports facilities and venues, actively organize cultural and sports activities suitable for left-behind women in rural areas, enrich the spiritual and cultural life of left-behind women in rural areas, and support qualified organizations to develop Professionalism caring service. The third is to strengthen the protection of rights and interests and protect the legitimate rights and interests of rural left-behind women. We will carry out in-depth publicity and education on rights and interests protection, increase the popularization of legal knowledge and legal assistance to left-behind women in rural areas, increase the crackdown and punishment for violations of laws and crimes that violate the legitimate rights and interests of left-behind women in rural areas, and provide free screening of "two cancers" for left-behind women of appropriate age Investigation, earnestly improve the health care awareness and level of rural left-behind women, and bring eligible families of rural left-behind women into the scope of social assistance such as minimum living security and temporary assistance. The fourth is to strengthen family education support services and improve the family education level of rural left-behind women. In response to the needs of left-behind women in rural areas, promote the scientific concepts and knowledge of family education to left-behind women in rural areas, strengthen the sense of responsibility of family guardians of rural left-behind women, fulfill the guardianship responsibilities and support obligations of minor children in accordance with the law, and build a mutual exchange platform for left-behind women in rural areas. Promote rural left-behind women to help each other, make progress together, and promote happiness, well-being, and harmony.
The "Opinions" aims to give full play to the important role of rural left-behind women in social and family life by establishing and improving the care and service system for rural left-behind women. The first is to stimulate the endogenous motivation of rural left-behind women. Persist in the important subject status of rural left-behind women in social life and family life, and push them to work hard and become rich in rural rejuvenation and poverty alleviation. The second is to guide rural left-behind women to play an active role in grassroots social governance. Encourage and support rural left-behind women to participate widely in village committee elections and community deliberations such as villagers' councils and women's councils, and increase their voice and influence in grassroots social governance. The third is to give full play to the unique role of rural left-behind women in the construction of family civilization. Mobilize rural left-behind women to vigorously promote the virtues of the Chinese nation, and guide rural left-behind women in caring for rural left-behind children and left-behind elderly.
Question: In what ways should the civil affairs department promote the implementation of this new work?
Answer: The Opinions divides the division of labor into main tasks in the form of attachments. Among all 23 divisions of labor, there are 13 civil affairs departments that need to lead or participate, and 10 that are led or participated by relevant departments.
The "Opinions" calls for the establishment and improvement of a rural left-behind women care service working mechanism under the leadership of the party committee and government, led by civil affairs, coordinated by departments, actively played by women's federation organizations, and widely participated by social forces. Relevant departments in various places should clearly specify the responsible departments and specific leaders to lead the implementation of the division of responsibilities, and ensure that there are institutions responsible and dedicated officers. The Opinions clearly involve 13 departments, including those within the responsibilities of the civil affairs department, and many within the responsibilities of the other 12 departments. As the lead department, the civil affairs department should actively report to the party committee and government, coordinate and promote Relevant departments have done a good job in caring for rural left-behind women. At the same time, with the county as the unit, the township (street) party committee and government co-ordinated and the township (street) government is responsible for the implementation of civil affairs organizations and village committees to assist in the implementation of investigations on rural left-behind women and the establishment of rural left-behind women information accounts Focus on investigating the situation of left-behind women in rural areas such as living difficulties, disability and serious illness.
In the next step, the Ministry of Civil Affairs will guide localities to study and implement the requirements of the Opinions, and work hard to formulate and introduce specific implementation measures to accelerate the establishment and improvement of the system of care and service for rural left-behind women.