Note: Recently, with the consent of the State Council, the General Administration of Market Supervision, the Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Civil Affairs, the Ministry of Finance, the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission, and the Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission jointly issued and issued the "Notice on Further Strengthening the Administration of Charges for Violating Enterprises" (hereinafter (Referred to as the "Notice"), and put forward requirements for various localities and departments to strengthen the management of illegal charges related to enterprises. In order to better publicize and implement this work, we interviewed Liao Hong, the deputy director of the Social Organization Management Bureau of the Ministry of Civil Affairs.
Question 1: Please introduce the background of the "Notice".
A: At present, the domestic economy is stable and improving, but at the same time there are changes and stability. At the same time, there are concerns about stability and the external environment has changed. Sino-U.S. Trade frictions continue. It is urgent to further optimize the business environment. Create good conditions and provide enterprises with greater development space; it is urgent to further strengthen the management of illegal enterprise-related charges, remove blockages and difficulties, reduce the burden on enterprises, and create a standardized and orderly development environment. In recent years, the Party Central Committee and the State Council have attached great importance to the administration of fees related to enterprises. General Secretary Xi Jinping, Premier Li Keqiang and a number of leading comrades of the State Council have made requests and issued instructions. All regions and departments have also stepped up efforts to clean up and regulate the fees associated with enterprises. Continued inspections of fees related to enterprises have been carried out with positive results, but some violations of fees and charges related to enterprises still occur from time to time, and further continuous and precise efforts are needed. To this end, the General Administration of Market Supervision, together with the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Civil Affairs, the Ministry of Finance, the SASAC, the Banking Regulatory Commission, and other departments studied and formed a "Notice" to comprehensively deploy the next step in the administration of fees for violation-related enterprises. Make institutional arrangements for the establishment and improvement of a long-term mechanism for the governance of enterprise-related fees.
Question 2: Please briefly introduce the main content and considerations of the Notice.
Answer: The Notice has proposed twelve specific measures in three aspects. Articles 1 to 3 propose that each department should effectively perform its management responsibilities, and increase the investigation and punishment of fees and charges of enterprises involved in violation of regulations in accordance with their functions and division of labor. Articles 4 to 7 propose that various departments or localities should announce matters requiring enterprises to accept third-party services, announce matters of administrative entrustment, publicize matters of fees charged by subordinate units, and announce matters of intermediary services for administrative examination and approval, so as to improve the transparency of fees for enterprises involved. Articles 8 to 12 suggest that relevant departments and localities should improve the mechanism for reporting complaints, investigate and implement fund guarantee requirements, regulate the behavior of intermediary agencies in accordance with laws and regulations, establish a governance effectiveness evaluation mechanism, improve the governance legal system, and establish and improve enterprises that violate regulations. Long-term mechanism for fee management.
Question 3: What work requirements does the Notice impose on civil affairs departments?
Answer: Clearing and standardizing the charges of enterprises involved in industry associations and chambers of commerce is one of the important contents of the management of enterprise-related charges, and it is also a key task for the civil affairs department to implement the Party Central and State Council deployment and participate in the management of enterprise-related charges. The third part of the “Notice” “Strengthening random spot checks and exposure of typical cases” clearly states that the Ministry of Civil Affairs must conduct random spot checks on industry associations, and seriously investigate and deal with typical cases found during spot checks and public exposure. At the same time, the Ministry of Civil Affairs must also perform tasks in accordance with the "Notice" and combine duties with other related tasks.
Question 4: Since the beginning of this year, what work has the Ministry of Civil Affairs done in the governance of enterprise-related fees?
Answer: Since the Party Central Committee and the State Council made a series of arrangements for the administration of enterprise-related fees, the Party group of the Ministry of Civil Affairs has attached great importance to it, taking multiple measures simultaneously, and earnestly implementing it. It has mainly done the following five aspects: First, to enhance political consciousness and thoroughness. Research deployment. Hold communication and mobilization deployment meetings on many occasions, in-depth study of General Secretary Xi Jinping's series of important expositions on tax and fee reduction, and enhance the consciousness, political consciousness and consciousness of doing a good job. The ministry's tax reduction and fee reduction working group was set up by the ministry party secretary and minister Huang Shuxian as the team leader, and the ministry party group member, deputy minister Gao Xiaobing and Zhan Chengfu as the deputy team leaders, effectively strengthening the organization and leadership of tax reduction and fee reduction work. Issue circulars to provincial civil affairs departments to promote local civil affairs departments at all levels to unify thinking and actions to the Party Central Committee and the State Council for decision-making and deployment. The second is to increase investigations and conduct self-inspection and self-correction. Comprehensively investigate and sort out all kinds of enterprise-related charging matters of the ministry organs, directly affiliated units, and directly-managed social organizations, and cancel all non-compliance and irrationality, and require all units to minimize the burden on enterprises through measures such as reducing the standard of fees. The third is to highlight work priorities and regulate industry association fees. Take the charges of industry associations and chambers of commerce as the focus of rectification work, and widely publicize policies through various forms such as websites, 连线棋牌游戏大厅papers, WeChat, short messages, training, meetings, etc .; further open channels for complaints and reports, and encourage social supervision; In the evaluation of grades and annual inspections, the issue of enterprise-related charges is taken as the focus of supervision, and daily supervision is strengthened. Associations and chambers of commerce that charge fees in violation of regulations are seriously investigated, and some associations and chambers of commerce have publicly criticized charges. The fourth is to promote the decoupling reform of trade associations and administrative organs. The Joint Development and Reform Commission and other departments organize industry associations and chambers of commerce to separate and standardize their administrative agencies with respect to institutions, functions, asset finance, personnel, party building and foreign affairs, etc., and cut off the interests of the association's chamber of commerce and administrative agencies. Fifth, carry out special inspections and pay close attention to implementation. Work together with the General Administration of Market Supervision, Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Finance, SASAC and other departments to conduct special inspections on the charges of industry associations and chambers of commerce, investigate and guide the work of localities, and promote the implementation of clean-up and standardization of industry associations and chambers of commerce enterprise-related charges. .
Question 5: In the next step, what considerations and work arrangements does the Ministry of Civil Affairs have for the management of fees related to enterprises?
A: At present, important progress has been made in cleaning up and standardizing the fees and charges of companies involved in industry associations and chambers of commerce. On the whole, the fees and charges of companies involved in associations and chambers of commerce are becoming more and more standardized, but there are still some problems such as duplication, high and overcharging. Even the illegal charging of the wind, coupled with the problem of random charging, tends to rebound and rebound, it needs constant effort and long-term contribution. To this end, the Ministry of Civil Affairs will focus on the following areas to continue to make efforts to maintain a high-pressure situation on the management of industry associations and chambers of commerce charges: First, to further establish a long-term governance mechanism for industry associations and chambers of commerce charges. A few days ago, our Ministry, in conjunction with the Development and Reform Commission, the General Administration of Market Supervision, the Ministry of Finance, and the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission, conducted an in-depth investigation and research on the charges of industry associations and chambers of commerce, and comprehensively examined the problem of unauthorized charges. In the next step, based on the survey, we will study and propose opinions on further strengthening and improving the management of the chamber of commerce and industry associations, and build a long-term management system and measures for the management of associations and chambers of commerce's random charging. The second is to further promote the decoupling reform and cut off the benefit chain of industry associations, chambers of commerce and administrative organs. In June this year, with the approval of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, ten ministries and commissions such as the Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Civil Affairs jointly issued and issued the "Implementation Opinions on Comprehensively Launching the Reform of Decoupling of Industry Associations, Chambers of Commerce and Administrative Organs" (Faikatika  No. 1063 ), Called for a comprehensive push for decoupling reform of industry associations and chambers of commerce. Our ministry, together with the Development and Reform Commission and other departments, will actively and steadily push forward the comprehensive decoupling reform of industry associations and chambers of commerce, and solve the problems such as disorderly charging of industry associations and chambers by relying on administrative power and administrative functions from the source. The third is to further increase the investigation and punishment of illegal charges of associations and chambers of commerce. In daily management such as annual inspection, change registration, general review, grade evaluation, spot check audit, etc., focus on the charges of associations and chambers of commerce, mandatory charges, compulsory training, compulsory membership, obstacles to withdrawal, unauthorized issuing of certificates, commendation fees for borrowing, etc. Focus on behavior improvement. Continue to increase the investigation and punishment of illegal charges, implement "zero tolerance" for unauthorized charging behaviors found, and investigate and punish according to law through various methods such as administrative punishment, credit punishment, order rectification, and refund of illegal charges, and increase public exposure. . The fourth is to further crack down on illegal social organizations and prevent "Li Gui" from illegally collecting money. At present, legally registered industry associations and chambers of commerce charges have become increasingly standardized, but some "offshore associations" and "shanzhai associations" are still impersonating various industry associations and chambers of commerce to illegally collect money from enterprises, which not only increases the burden on enterprises, but also disrupts legality Registered industry associations and chambers of commerce develop order normally. In this regard, our next step will continue to increase the crackdown on illegal social organizations and effectively prevent the "Li Gui" from illegally accumulating wealth.
Question 6: What kind of work do local civil affairs departments at all levels need to do in charge management of trade associations and chambers of commerce?
Answer: Cleaning up and standardizing enterprise-related charges for industry associations and chambers of commerce is not only an important task of the Ministry of Civil Affairs, but also an important task of civil affairs departments at all levels across the country. Civil affairs departments at all levels must consolidate their thinking and actions into the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, strengthen organizational leadership, make good overall coordination, continue to regulate association-based business associations' charging behavior of enterprises, continuously reduce the burden on related enterprises, and gradually create "dare to The policy environment and working atmosphere of "charging indiscriminately", "cannot charge indiscriminately" and "don't want to charge indiscriminately". First, we must seriously study the spirit of the important speech requirements of General Secretary Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang, thoroughly understand and implement the relevant arrangements of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, further improve the political standing, and effectively increase the awareness and initiative of paying close attention to the administration of charges involving enterprises. Second, we must do a good job of propaganda and guidance of policies, promote associations and chambers of commerce to actively regulate charging behaviors, ensure that fees are not violated or compulsory, strive to reduce charging standards and the amount of fees, close the "side door" of "random charging", and open the "front door" of standardized charging. "; Encourage and guide associations and chambers of commerce to further improve the professionalism, effectiveness and diversification of services, and increase the" gold content "of services. Third, we must strengthen the rectification and investigation of illegal charges, and focus on investigating and punishing enterprises that report strong fees and no services, repeated charges from general associations and branch (representative) agencies, collection of membership fees for compulsory membership, and the evaluation of "selling a brand". Charging, forcing members to order related products or publications, using the government's name or government commissioned matters, and other acts of arbitrary charging, and those who charge against the wind in violation of regulations will be severely punished. Fourth, it is necessary to strictly check the registration, strictly control the entrance of registration, prevent the number of similar and similar industry associations and chambers of commerce from being excessive, and reduce the burden of repeated and long-term payment by enterprises. Fifth, we must comprehensively promote the decoupling reform of industry associations and chambers of commerce and administrative organs, and earnestly implement the "Implementation Opinions on the Comprehensive Decoupling of Industry Associations, Chambers of Commerce and Administrative Organs," in accordance with the progress schedule of decoupling reforms, and complete the task of decoupling reform in a timely and comprehensive manner. Sixth, we must step up efforts to crack down on illegal social organizations, focusing on cracking down on illegal social organizations that counterfeit various industry associations and chambers of commerce to collect money from enterprises, and prevent bad money from expelling good money. Seventh, we must increase support for industry associations and chambers of commerce, promote the implementation of government support services and taxation support policies, and encourage industry associations and chambers of commerce to fulfill their social responsibilities. Eighth, it is necessary to strengthen the integrity and self-discipline construction of industry associations and chambers of commerce, guide the industry associations and chambers of commerce to establish and improve corporate governance structures and operating mechanisms, improve financial management systems, improve internal supervision mechanisms, and improve professionalism and the level of rule of law.