Recently, the Ministry of Civil Affairs, the Development and Reform Commission, and the Ministry of Finance issued the Opinions on the Implementation of the Reconstruction and Upgrade Project of Special Needy Personnel Support Service Facilities (Retirement Homes for the Elderly) (Min Fa  No. 80, hereinafter referred to as "Opinions"); 2. The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security issued the “Notice on Further Strengthening the Management of Specially Needed Personnel Provisioning Service Facilities (Retirement Homes)” (Min Fa  No. 83, hereinafter referred to as the “Notice”). Strengthening management and making specific deployments have aroused the attention of relevant parties. In this connection, the reporter interviewed the responsible comrade of the Department of Pension Services of the Ministry of Civil Affairs.
Question: At the critical stage of the decisive battle against poverty, the Ministry of Civil Affairs, in conjunction with the relevant departments, issued two documents on the provision and service facilities for elderly people with special difficulties (retirement homes). What is the background?
Answer: The Party Central Committee and the State Council have always attached great importance to the protection of the poorest people. The Central Government's "Decision on Winning the Fight Against Poverty" has called for "strengthening the construction of service facilities and teams such as support institutions for the poorest people and continuously improving their management level." The Strategic Plan for Rural Rejuvenation (2018-2022) clearly "supports the construction of rural aged care facilities mainly for disabled and semi-disabled elderly people." "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for the Development of the Aged Career and Pension System" requirements "Promote the service facilities and service quality standards of the rural poor people's support service agencies, and provide the elderly with low income, advanced age, living alone, disabled and disabled rural people with active care under the premise of ensuring the concentrated support needs of the rural poor people." Recently issued The “Opinions of the General Office of the State Council on Promoting the Development of Elderly Care Services” (Guobanfa  No. 5) clearly requires the implementation of the upgrading and upgrading of the provision of service facilities for elderly people with disabilities (retirement homes), which all point out the direction for doing a good job.
The Ministry of Civil Affairs conscientiously implemented the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, and actively promoted the management and service of the provision and support services for the special needy people. As of the end of 2018, there were 18,000 rural support facilities (retirement homes for the elderly) in rural areas with 1.878 million beds. The important function of security is to play an important supporting role in the construction of the rural elderly care system, and it is an important civil service facility in rural areas. At the same time, some institutions still have problems such as shortage of facilities and equipment, lagging internal management, and low service quality, which restrict the full play of the protection function. In response to these problems, the Party Group of the Ministry of Civil Affairs has conducted research in the survey of strengthening grassroots civil affairs for three consecutive years as a key content. In the theme education of “Do n’t forget the beginning and keep the mission in mind”, we have coordinated the advancement of learning and education, investigation and research, inspection of problems, and rectification. The implementation, in-depth examination of the current outstanding problems, in-depth local investigations, extensive listening to the opinions and suggestions of local civil affairs departments and the masses, together with relevant departments to study ideas and measures for rectification, these two documents were formed. The document confronts the current difficult problems, proposes specific solutions, and provides a policy basis for local specific work. The local civil affairs departments reflected that these two documents are very grounded, a concrete measure to implement the people-centered development ideology, and a vivid embodiment of the working philosophy of "civil affairs for the people, civil administration for the people".
Q: What are the general requirements of the two documents issued this time, and what kind of goals should be achieved?
Answer : The "Opinions" and "Notices" are problem-oriented, make up for shortcomings, strengths and weaknesses, and make deployments from the "hardware" improvement of facilities and equipment and the "software" improvement of management services. Significant results were achieved in three years.
The "Opinions" focuses on the upgrading of facilities and equipment, and proposes that starting this year, the upgrading and upgrading of the provision of service facilities (care homes for the elderly) for the poorest people will be started. Through the implementation of this project, by the end of 2020, the care capacity of existing county-level support service facilities will be greatly improved, and major hidden safety hazards of facilities and equipment will be fully rectified. By the end of 2022, there will be at least one supporting service facility in each county with care-based functions. The ability to integrate medical care with care has been improved, and all potential safety hazards have been eliminated. In about 3 years, the long-term care needs of the disabled and the impoverished people who have been centrally supported have been satisfactorily met, and the support capacity of the impoverished people has been significantly strengthened. Basically, the county and township support service facilities have been connected, with a scientific layout, balanced configuration, and services. A comprehensive protection network for rural elderly care services.
The "Notice" focuses on optimizing management services. For the problems of low registration rate of legal persons, lagging operation and management, shortage of caregivers, and low service quality, it puts forward clear requirements from six aspects, mainly: coordinating and implementing the registration of the legal person of the supporting institution. Earnestly safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of the support organization; strengthen the capacity building of the person in charge of the support organization and the caregiver, and gradually build a management service team with strong political quality, strong care ability and rich service for the people; strengthen the basic living funds and care of the support object Nursing funds and institutional operation funding guarantees to ensure timely and full funding; advance socialization of support service institutions, and actively cultivate chain, brand, and professional operating entities capable of undertaking poor support service tasks; improve and perfect basic service quality standards Promote the effective improvement of the quality of centralized support and care services; promote the continuous strengthening of safety management work in the areas of fire protection, food, and property of institutions.
Question: The society is generally concerned about the care of disabled and partially disabled supporters. Their requirements are more realistic and urgent. What specific arrangements are there for this document?
Answer: The support objects for the disabled and some of them are "the hardship in the hardships, the hardship in the hardships", and they are the key targets for protection. Due to the limitations of facilities, equipment, service capacity, service funding, etc., there is still a certain gap between the care service capacity of the special needy support service facilities (retirement homes) and the actual needs of this group of people. In order to effectively solve this problem and meet the care needs of disabled and partially disabled supporters, the focus is on deployment requirements from the three aspects of care facility construction, professional care staffing, and care skills training.
The Opinions clearly require that all localities focus on enhancing the long-term care function of county-level (regional) support service facilities, add living care care units for disabled persons, and medical care and rehabilitation care units such as medical care and rehabilitation services. The proportion of care-type beds is not less than 50% and equipped with professional care staff. Other support service facilities can increase medical care and rehabilitation services, set up care-type beds, and enhance basic care capabilities. Disabled and partially disabled supporters in the county can be concentrated in institutions with the ability to care for the disabled. The Notice clearly requires that the support service agencies develop a basic service catalog covering basic living security, care and care, spiritual consolation, and funeral management, etc., and provide services according to the actual needs of individuals. Improve the level of medical and health services by setting up medical institutions within the institution or cooperating with surrounding medical institutions. Equipped with applied rehabilitation aids and equipment, promote the application of information technology and intelligent hardware products, and promote the improvement of service quality.
Question : What specific requirements does the "Notice" have for strengthening the management and service team construction of special poverty support service facilities?
Answer: For a long time, the shortage of support and service talents for the extremely poor has been prominent. In order to promote the solution, the Notice focuses on building a management service team with strong political qualities, strong care ability and rich service for the people. There are four main requirements:
The first is the Dean. It is required that personnel with firm political convictions and party principles, who are caring and responsible, and who are familiar with the management of the organization, should be assigned to the positions of the person in charge of the organization through methods such as selection and selection. The provincial civil affairs department regularly organizes rotation training for the heads of support service agencies, which will achieve full coverage by 2022, and then rotate at least once every three years, basically achieving a professional and professional team of heads of support service agencies.
The second is to complete the staff. All localities are required to reasonably determine the ratio of staff to self-care support and disability support in accordance with actual needs. Nursing staff receive pre-job training or on-the-job training in basic care professional subjects, and the cumulative training time is no less than 48 hours per year. Provide training subsidies and gradually increase the proportion of elderly caregivers who have passed the assessment of vocational skills.
The third is to reasonably determine and implement staff remuneration. Encourage the establishment of an assessment and incentive mechanism linked to job performance and vocational skills through appropriate tilts in performance pay distribution, etc., and improve the wages of front-line workers.
The fourth is to support the introduction of professional personnel such as social workers and psychological consultants by the support service agencies, encourage the service providers to set up voluntary service sites, and actively cultivate senior care volunteer teams.
Question : The "Notice" puts "coordination and implementation of the registration of legal persons" as an important issue. What are the considerations? What specific approaches have been proposed?
Answer: The registration of legal persons by the support service agency for the impoverished people is the most basic work to protect the rights and interests of the support objects, protect the institution's own rights, and ensure the implementation of relevant civil affairs policies. Implementing the legal person registration of the support service organization is the key to improving the level of management services. If you grasp this key, you will hold the "bull nose" of this work.
Aiming at the difficulties encountered by locals in advancing the registration of legal persons, institutions with corresponding conditions are required to submit legal person registration applications to the compilation department in time in accordance with relevant regulations and policies, and obtain legal person qualifications in accordance with the law. Promote the construction of the county “1 + N” support service group for the extremely poor people. For the time being, institutions that do not have independent registration conditions can be used as branches, and the supply service institutions with legal person status can implement unified management.
Question: What are the uniform requirements for the standards for the renovation of the facilities for the provision of special poor people's support services (retirement homes)?
A: We also considered this issue when we researched and implemented the upgrading and upgrading project of the provision and support service facilities for elderly people (retirement homes).
In advancing the progress of the project, the Opinions clarified the overall time schedule and annual priorities. The entire project will be completed within three years. In 2020, the focus will be on improving the care capacity of existing county-level support service facilities. Local governments are required to formulate specific plans based on actual conditions, make detailed arrangements for project progress, and advance implementation in stages. All provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) are required to report their progress to the Ministry of Civil Affairs every six months to ensure that the project implementation progresses according to the schedule.
In terms of uniform implementation of the standards, in accordance with the "Standards for the Construction of Service Facilities for the Elderly Needed (Residential Homes for the Elderly)" (Building Standard 184-2017), the "Construction Standards for the Elderly Care Homes" (Building Standard 144-2010), and "Basic Standards for the Quality of Service for the Aged Institutions" (GB / T 35796-2017) and other standard specifications, clarify the basic indicators of transformation and improvement, covering 22 categories of 7 major categories, including building construction, facilities and equipment, courtyard area, function of premises, ageing and transformation, care-type beds, and fire safety The index has drawn a standard bottom line for the implementation of the project to ensure that the project quality meets the bottom line requirements.
Question: How will the relevant parties ensure the smooth progress of the upgrading and upgrading of the support service facilities (care homes for the elderly) for the poor? What monitoring and evaluation measures will be taken?
Answer: The implementation of the renovation and upgrading project for the provision of service facilities for elderly people with special difficulties (retirement homes for the elderly) is a clear requirement of the Opinions of the General Office of the State Council on Promoting the Development of Elderly Care Services (Guobanfa  No. 5). The important duties of support services, civil affairs, development and reform, finance and other departments will work together to bring the departments together to ensure the smooth progress of the project. Specifically, we will take the following measures:
The first is to increase funding support. In 2020, the central centralized lottery public welfare fund will support special funds for social welfare undertakings to focus on transformation and upgrading projects, and continue to be included in the support direction. The "13th Five-Year Plan" social service foundation project led by the Development and Reform Commission has increased its support, and has been researched and included in the "14th Five-Year Plan" to make overall plans. Local lottery public welfare funds and infrastructure investment at the same level are required to be supported. Among them, for areas where the rectification of major hidden safety hazards of facilities and equipment is arduous, the lottery public welfare fund reserved for supporting the development of elderly care services can be used for upgrading and upgrading projects. Actively give play to the role of government investment guidance, and use government and social capital cooperation, public construction and private management to guide private capital's extensive participation.
The second is to conduct performance evaluation. The Ministry of Civil Affairs will work with related departments to timely supervise and evaluate the performance of the renovation and improvement of the provision of service facilities (retirement homes for the elderly) for the poorest people in various provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) in a timely manner by entrusting third-party evaluations. Provinces with good performance in assessment will be given corresponding incentive measures, which will have a demonstration effect. Provinces with poor work will conduct work interviews, deduct relevant funds allocations for the following year, and report relevant conditions.
The third is to clarify responsibilities and tasks. The responsibilities of relevant departments at the central, provincial and county levels were clarified, relevant incentives and supervision measures were proposed, and provincial civil affairs departments were required to work with relevant departments at the same level to take charge of the organization of the improvement and improvement action plan for the provision of service facilities (care homes for the elderly) for the poor in the region. Implementation, supervision, management and assessment. Recognize areas with outstanding work results and strengthen supervision and guidance for areas with slow progress. Through these measures, it is ensured that the transformation and upgrading projects are made into honest projects, high-quality projects, and assured projects.