Question 1: What is the background and considerations of the "Implementation Opinions on Further Expanding the Supply of Pension Services and Promoting the Consumption of Pension Services" issued by the Ministry of Civil Affairs?
Answer: The Party Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to the consumption of social services, including the elderly. At the Central Economic Working Conference at the end of last year, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that it is necessary to adapt to the new trend of faster service consumption growth and increase in the proportion. It is required to accelerate the development of service industries such as education, child care, pension, medical care, culture, and tourism. In this year's "Government Work Report", Premier Li Keqiang made clear requirements for the development of social services, the release of the potential for domestic demand, and the promotion of the elderly service industry.
In order to implement the Party Central Committee and the State Council's decision-making and deployment on the promotion of elderly care services, further expand the supply of elderly care services, and promote the consumption of elderly care services, the Ministry of Civil Affairs consulted 22 departments and units such as the Development and Reform Commission to study and formulate the "Implementation Opinions on Promoting the Consumption of Elderly Care Services" (hereinafter referred to as "Implementation Opinions"), which were reviewed and approved by the State Council executive meeting. The "Implementation Opinions" confronts some prominent problems in the supply side and consumer side of the elderly service field, such as the overall insufficient supply of quality services, the insufficient number of elderly service facilities, the large gap in professional elderly service talents, and the need to optimize the elderly service structure. The policy system for pension service consumption needs to be improved, and the service standards, credit system, and regulatory system need to be speeded up. The 17 specific measures in six areas are proposed to further cultivate and develop the market for pension services and promote the healthy and orderly consumption of pension services. development of.
Question 2: What measures will the Ministry of Civil Affairs take to promote implementation after the Implementation Opinions are issued?
Answer: After the "Implementation Opinions" are issued, the Ministry of Civil Affairs will adhere to the guidance of Xi Jinping's new era of socialist ideas with Chinese characteristics, deeply implement the spirit of the important instructions of General Secretary Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang, and effectively implement the "Implementation Opinions".
First, take the lead in implementing the lead tasks. In the "Implementation Opinions", the first lead department of more than 60% of the work tasks is the Ministry of Civil Affairs. We will form work plans, timetables and road maps as required, implement them everywhere, and implement them one by one. Strive to see results as soon as possible.
The second is to play the role of inter-ministerial joint meeting. The Ministry of Civil Affairs will actively play the role of the lead unit of the inter-ministerial joint conference on pension services, promote the implementation of the "Implementation Opinions" into the work arrangements of the joint conferences, further strengthen overall coordination, and study and refine the duties and tasks of various departments involved in the "Implementation Opinions." In time, a division of labor plan with clear time nodes and clear job responsibilities and a list of key work this year will be formed to promote the implementation of relevant measures in the Implementation Opinions.
The third is to urge and guide localities to implement it. In the "Implementation Opinions", the responsibilities of local people's governments at various levels have been emphasized in many places. The Ministry of Civil Affairs will work with relevant departments to promote the various regions to effectively increase the provision of elderly care services and promote the consumption of elderly care services. Important development agendas must be included. Community aged care services and strengthening the construction of community aged care facilities as an important livelihood project to solve the problem of difficulties in providing elderly care in large cities. Based on the actual conditions in the region, refine the policy measures and make good policy connections to ensure that the implementation of the Implementation Opinions takes root and allow the policies to take root. It really benefits everyone.
Question 3: Prime Minister Li Keqiang proposed to focus on the development of community aged care services at the two sessions of this year. He has repeatedly studied and deployed community aged care services at executive meetings of the State Council. What are the practices and considerations of the Implementation Opinions in developing community aged care services?
Answer: The development of community aged care services complies with the willingness of more than 90% of the elderly and the elderly in the community. It is a very important basic work in the construction of the aged care system. It promotes the integrated development of homes, communities, and institutions, and improves the aged care system with Chinese characteristics. It is of great significance, and also plays an important role in protecting people's livelihood, stimulating investment, driving employment, promoting new consumption, and fostering new kinetic energy.
The "Implementation Opinions" emphasized in many places the need to further expand the supply of community aged care services, actively develop community aged care services, and better meet the multi-level and diverse needs of elderly care services for the elderly. Specifically, the "Implementation Opinions" mainly focuses on "accessible, affordable, and affordable".
First, in order to achieve "close proximity", the "Implementation Opinions" proposed to strengthen the construction of community elderly care facilities. The Ministry of Civil Affairs will cooperate with the Ministry of Natural Resources, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development and other departments to implement a three-year action plan for the construction of community aged care facilities, guide, supervise and inspect localities to ensure the provision of aged care facilities at the planning level, and ensure that supporting residential aged care facilities are provided in new residential quarters. The old community will supplement old-age service facilities according to local conditions through government repurchase, leasing, transformation, etc., and effectively solve the problem of serious shortage of community old-age service sites and facilities, ensuring that by 2022, the compliance rate of distribution facilities will reach 100%. By strengthening the construction and increasing the supply of community aged care facilities, basic guarantees are provided for the elderly to obtain aged care services without leaving the community.
Secondly, in order to achieve "buyable", the "Implementation Opinions" proposed to vigorously develop urban community aged care services. By 2022, strive to achieve the goal of building at least one community-based aged care service institution with comprehensive functions in all streets, actively guide social forces to participate in community aged care services extensively, and support the cultivation of a number of comprehensive, specialized, chained, and branded community aged care services Service agencies provide diversified and multi-level options for the elderly to purchase more, more professional and convenient community care services.
Third, in order to achieve "affordability", the "Implementation Opinions" proposed that efforts should be made to improve the elderly's ability to pay for consumption. For the majority of the elderly, the ability to pay for consumption is an important basis for access to a variety of quality senior care services. The "Implementation Opinions" on the one hand make efforts to "open source", through encouraging the development of commercial endowment insurance and other measures, increase the elderly's income through multiple channels, and comprehensively improve the ability to pay for consumption; Effectively implement preferential policies for taxes and fees for community aged care institutions and preferential prices for residents of water, electricity and heat, and effectively reduce the burden on aged care institutions. Through the purchase of services, construction subsidies, operation subsidies, etc., promote the use of community pension service facilities for community pension services underpaid or unpaid, effectively reduce the cost and price of community pension services, and make the elderly's money for purchasing pension services more “valuable” ". In addition, by establishing a long-term care guarantee system that connects insurance, welfare and assistance, expanding the pilot of long-term care insurance systems, encouraging the development of commercial long-term care insurance products, and further establishing and improving a multi-level protection system to meet the diverse care needs of the elderly, effectively Relieve the worries of the elderly due to changes in their physical conditions and other reasons leading to increased pension costs.
Question 4: Some organizations estimate that there are more than 40 million disabled elderly people in China, and the demand for elderly caregivers is as high as more than 6 million. However, there are only 300,000 elderly caregivers in elderly care institutions in China. What are the specific measures for the caregiver team to meet the needs of senior care?
Answer: An elderly care worker is a service worker who cares and cares for the elderly. The elderly caregiver team is the main provider of elderly care services, an important support guarantee for the elderly care system, and a key factor in the quality of elderly care services. Strengthening the construction of elderly care workers is not only a key measure to improve the elderly care system, solve the problem of elderly care in big cities, and develop elderly care services in home communities, but also an important measure to expand the supply of elderly care services, promote consumption of elderly care services, promote social employment, and promote economic development. . In a sense, elderly caregivers are filial piety for the elderly for their children. They are "filial sons and filial sons" with professional skills. They are an important force for solving family problems, alleviating social problems, and promoting social harmony.
The Party Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to nursing care. In December 2018, General Secretary Xi Jinping stressed at the Central Economic Work Conference that it is necessary to improve the elderly care system and work hard to solve the problem of difficulty in providing elderly care in large cities. In order to fulfill the instructions of the general secretary of the internship and meet the nursing needs of the elderly, it is clearly proposed in the "Implementation Opinions" to build a high-quality and professional elderly care service talent team. The main specific measures are as follows:
The first is to organize the compilation of vocational skill level standards and outlines for senior caregivers, develop vocational training materials and vocational training packages, and provide policy support for improving the vocational skills of senior caregivers and carrying out socialized evaluation of vocational skill levels. At present, we are working with the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security to organize the revision of the National Occupational Skills Standards for Nursing Care Workers. We have solicited opinions and are expected to formally issue and implement them in October.
The second is to strengthen the education of elderly caregivers. The "Implementation Opinions" proposes that senior care services be listed as a priority area of vocational education, school-enterprise cooperation, and supports qualified senior care institutions to organize vocational colleges for senior care services. Eligible senior-care service-industrial-education-integrated school-enterprise cooperation projects shall be preferentially included in the investment support scope of the central budget.
The third is to carry out large-scale training of elderly caregivers. Elderly caregiver training is included in the important content of the "Occupational Skills Improvement Action Plan (2019-2021)", and the required funds are paid from the unemployment insurance fund to support the vocational skills improvement action funds in accordance with regulations. Carry out training and promotion actions for senior care service personnel, and ensure that by the end of 2022, 10,000 nursing home directors, 2 million old-age caregivers, and 100,000 full-time and part-time elderly social workers will be trained to effectively improve the sustainable development of old-age service capabilities.
In the next step, we will take the opportunity to revise the introduction of the National Occupational Skills Standards for Senior Caregivers to comprehensively strengthen the construction of senior caregivers, increase the level of professionalism, professionalization, and standardization of senior caregivers to meet the elderly's growing demand for senior care. To accelerate the development of aged care services.
Question 5: The "Implementation Opinions" specifically points out "promoting the consumption of elderly care services" in the title. What specific measures does the newly issued document have for cultivating the elderly care service consumption market and realizing the upgrading of elderly care service consumption?
Answer: Vigorously promoting the consumption of elderly care services can better meet the diverse and multi-layered elderly care needs of the elderly and achieve the escalation of elderly consumption. At the same time, it will further stabilize employment, finance, and stability for the formation of a strong domestic elderly market. Foreign trade, stabilizing foreign investment, stabilizing investment, and stabilizing expectations all have special significance. At present, the development of China's elderly care service consumption still faces some outstanding problems, which are mainly manifested in the following: "Unwillingness to consume" is common among the elderly, and under the influence of traditional thinking, the elderly consume for themselves, and the consciousness of the young to consume for the elderly has not yet formed; There is a phenomenon that people cannot "consume". China's old-age service companies are insufficient in scale and chain operation. The brand awareness of old-age services and elderly products is not strong, and the quality still needs to be improved. The 连线棋牌游戏大厅 that people are deceived about consumption is frequent, and a safe, reliable and assured consumption environment is urgently needed to be built. In response to these problems, in order to cultivate and develop the elderly service consumption market and effectively promote the elderly service consumption, the "Implementation Opinions" mainly starts with an "optimization" and a "perfection" and proposes specific work measures:
First, on the supply side, the business environment for aged care services has been continuously optimized. By effectively breaking down industry monopolies and local protection, we will abolish regulations and practices that prevent the formation of a unified national market and fair competition in old-age services, and promote the establishment of an open, competitive, fair, and orderly old-age service market. Through the establishment of a social credit system in the field of elderly care services, it has continuously improved its supervision capacity and level, further standardized market order, and optimized the business environment.
Second, on the consumer side, the consumption environment for pension services has been continuously improved. By strengthening supervision of the consumer service market for the elderly, we will severely investigate and punish acts that infringe on the personal and property rights of the elderly, and effectively protect the legitimate rights and interests of the elderly. Through the establishment of a cross-industry, cross-sector, and cross-sector joint punishment system, we will increase the punishment of untrustworthy subjects in the elderly care sector. By establishing a sound post-consumption evaluation system for senior care products and services, the elderly can rest assured to buy and use it with ease, and actively create a good social atmosphere that is conducive to promoting the consumption of senior care services.
Question 6: In March of this year, the General Office of the State Council issued the "Opinions on Promoting the Development of Elderly Care Services" (Guobanfa  No. 5, hereinafter referred to as "Document 5"), after a lapse of six months, with the consent of the State Council, the Ministry of Civil Affairs The "Implementation Opinion" has been issued. What are the main differences between the "Implementation Opinion" and Document 5?
Answer: The Party Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to the work of providing care for the elderly. Since this year, the State Council has held many executive meetings to study and promote the development of elderly care services. In March, the State Council issued the Opinions on Promoting the Development of Elderly Care Services, and made a series of system designs and specific arrangements in response to the current difficulties and pain points in the development of old age services. Now, with the consent of the State Council, the "Implementation Opinions" have been issued in the name of the Ministry of Civil Affairs to further promote the overall development of old-age services from the perspective of expanding supply and promoting consumption. From the perspective of policy effectiveness, the "Implementation Opinions" were reviewed and approved in principle by the 61st executive meeting of the State Council, which is a major decision-making arrangement made by the State Council. In terms of the form of publication, this document has been innovative and issued under the name of the Ministry of Civil Affairs Instead of adopting the joint printing and distribution method of 22 departments, it is to simplify the way of issuing documents and highlight the effectiveness of policies. Document No. 5 and the "Implementation Opinions" are important arrangements for implementing the implementation of the Party Central Committee and the State Council to actively respond to the aging of the population in the new era and to establish an elderly care service system with Chinese characteristics. The party and the state attach great importance to the work of providing care for the elderly and care for hundreds of millions of elderly people.
The "Implementation Opinions" are more focused on the problems to be solved, and the relevant measures are required to be more specific, focusing more on how to expand the supply of elderly services, improve the quality of elderly services, and more on how to promote the consumption of elderly services and develop new formats of elderly services. The "Implementation Opinions" is problem-oriented, and addresses the problems of the current insufficient supply of high-quality old-age care services and old-age supplies, the low-quality of the old-age people, the weak consumption capacity of the old people, and the need for a fairer and more open market environment. And operable solutions. In particular, in view of the insufficient supply of elderly care services, the Implementation Opinions propose to accelerate the development of home and community elderly care service supply and optimize the supply of institutional elderly care services. In response to the insufficient supply of elderly supplies, the Implementation Opinions propose to strengthen research and development and enrich product supplies. Supply quantity to improve the quality level; In response to the problem of insufficient supply of elderly service talents, the Implementation Opinions proposed the establishment of a high-quality and professional elderly service talent team to increase the number of elderly caregivers; The "Implementation Opinions" proposes to give play to the protection role of commercial insurance, establish a long-term care guarantee system in line with the national conditions, and increase the elderly's ability to pay for consumption through multiple channels. In response to the need to optimize business and consumption environments, the "Implementation Opinions" proposes to relax market standards. Entry and removal of restrictions that affect social forces' access to the aged care market, and the construction of a credit system in the aged care sector to safeguard the elderly's consumer rights.