Question 1: What is the background and considerations of the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security and the Ministry of Civil Affairs in promulgating and implementing the National Vocational Skills Standards for Elderly Caregivers (2019 Edition)?
The responsible comrade of the Department of Occupational Capacity Building of the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security : The National Vocational Skills Standard for Elderly Caregivers was promulgated and implemented in 2002, and it was first revised in 2011. Since 2012, China's elderly care service has entered a new era, and new demands for elderly care services have continuously emerged. The elderly care work has shown a new development trend, especially 249 million elderly people and 40 million disabled and semi-disabled elderly people and their families. The demand for care is increasing day by day, and the existing elderly care workers are only 300,000, which is far from meeting the demand for elderly care services. In order to lay the foundation and provide support for the construction of senior care workers, the National Vocational Skills Standards for Senior Care Workers (2011 Edition) needs to be revised again.
In order to implement the decision-making arrangements of the Party Central Committee and the State Council on improving the aged care system, carrying out the training of aged care workers, and accelerating the training of aged care workers through multiple channels, further develop and standardize the living care and nursing services for the elderly, guide the training and training of aged care workers, and improve the aged Career vocational skills, building a high-quality, professional, and sufficient number of senior care workers. The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security and the Ministry of Civil Affairs focus on increasing vocational skills, reducing entry requirements, expanding career space, and shortening the promotion period. Major amendments have been made to the National Occupational Skills Standards for Senior Caregivers (2011 Edition). The newly revised National Occupational Skills Standard for Elderly Caregivers is the basis for guiding the training of elderly caregivers, carrying out vocational skill level identification and standardizing the professional behaviors of elderly caregivers.
Question 2: What is the main content of this National Career Skills Standard for Elderly Care Workers (2019 Edition)?
Responsible comrades of the Department of Pension Services of the Ministry of Civil Affairs: At this stage, China's elderly care workers are facing development difficulties such as shortage of numbers, uneven staffing quality, limited professional ability, and high turnover rate. In order to solve the talent bottleneck faced by the development of the aged care service industry and build a sufficient number of qualified aged care workers, the National Career Skills Standards for the aged care workers (2019 edition) mainly made the following changes:
On the one hand, through the "one-up, one-down and one-transition" transformation, the number of elderly care workers has been expanded. "One liter" refers to the increase in the occupational skill level of senior caregivers from four to five by the Standard, and the addition of a "level one / senior technician" level to unblock the career development channels of senior caregivers. "One drop" refers to reducing the requirements for the work content, skill requirements, and related knowledge of level five / junior workers; at the same time, adjusting the "general education level" from "junior high school graduation" to "no education requirements". "One transformation" refers to the relationship between other occupations and old-age caregivers. When a nurse or domestic helper declares an occupational skill level, his or her service life can be regarded as the number of years of old-age care work. Development provides a path for elderly caregivers.
On the other hand, the quality of old-age caregivers is improved by adding and enriching work content. In various occupational levels of elderly caregivers, new home and community care service skills requirements have been added to enhance home care service capabilities of elderly caregivers to meet the huge needs of home care and community care. The "basic knowledge" has been added with "fire safety" content, Improve the fire prevention and control capabilities of elderly caregivers, and improve the safety management level of elderly services. In order to respond to and meet the needs of society for the care of the demented elderly, new care points and communication skills for the demented elderly have been added. At the same time, at the level of two / technicians and one / senior technicians, the contents of "ability assessment" and "quality management" were added to improve the management ability of high-level senior caregivers.
Question 3: What measures will the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security and the Ministry of Civil Affairs take to strengthen the construction of the aged care workers team and the professional attractiveness of the aged care workers after the promulgation and implementation of the National Vocational Skills Standards for the Care Workers (2019 Edition)?
Responsible comrade of the Department of Occupational Capacity Building of the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security : The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security will take the opportunity to promulgate and implement the National Occupational Skills Standards for Nursing Care Workers (2019 Edition) as an opportunity to strengthen the training of nursing caregivers and carry out vocational skill levels Accreditation and vocational skills competitions, deepening the reform of the salary distribution system of elderly care institutions, and other methods will accelerate the construction of elderly care workers.
The first is to encourage technical colleges and universities to set up majors related to elderly services such as elderly services and management, health services and management, housekeeping services, and nursing, to guide technical colleges and universities to strengthen discipline construction, and to train more elderly nursing professionals and practical talents.
The second is to deepen the implementation of vocational skills promotion, promote the expansion of training scale, and improve the quality and level of training. Guide localities to take the training of elderly caregivers as an important content of the "Occupational Skills Enhancement Action Plan (2019-2021)", and the required funds shall be paid from the unemployment insurance fund to support the occupational skill upgrade action funds in accordance with regulations. Support local governments to adjust and improve their vocational training subsidies.
The third is to carry out pilot work to identify occupational skill levels. Guide the local human and social departments to expand the pilot work of vocational skill level recognition of enterprises. In conjunction with the Ministry of Civil Affairs, a social training evaluation organization will be selected to identify occupational skill levels for the community and unblock the career development channels for elderly caregivers.
The fourth is to organize an occupational skill competition for senior care workers in conjunction with the Ministry of Civil Affairs, and award the honorable title of "National Technical Expert" to the winners and promote the corresponding occupational skill level.
Fifth, encourage pension service agencies to deepen the reform of the salary and income distribution system, establish a mechanism for linking vocational skills levels with the remuneration packages of senior caregivers, and promote the simultaneous upgrading of the skills levels and income levels of senior caregivers.
Responsible comrades of the Department of Pension Services of the Ministry of Civil Affairs: The elderly care workers are the people who care for the elderly and care services. They are the main providers of elderly care services and important support guarantees for the elderly care system. They are to solve family problems, alleviate social problems and promote society An important force of harmony. The Ministry of Civil Affairs will speed up the training of senior care service personnel and strengthen the care of senior care workers through measures such as carrying out training and promotion actions for senior care service personnel, constructing policies and measures to encourage the care of old care workers, strengthening the information credit management of old care workers, and establishing a praise mechanism for old care workers Professional attraction.
The first is to carry out training and promotion actions for senior care personnel. Ensure that by the end of 2022, 10,000 dean nursing home directors, 2 million old-age caregivers, and 100,000 full-time and part-time elderly social workers will be trained and trained to effectively improve the ability of sustainable development of old-age care services.
The second is to gradually establish policies and measures to encourage the care of elderly care workers. Guide local governments to establish a system of entry subsidies and post allowances for elderly caregivers, and gradually establish a system for determining service prices based on vocational skill levels and years of work, to enhance the career attractiveness of elderly caregivers.
The third is to strengthen the information credit management of elderly caregivers. Establish a national pension caregiver information and credit management system, aggregate and share human resources, social security, civil affairs and other departments' training and training, vocational skill level recognition, employment experience, occupational credit and other data to achieve recordable and queryable retirement caregiver employment experience It can be traced back to keep the trustworthy caregiver all the way, and the trustworthy caregiver can't keep pace.
The fourth is to establish a praise mechanism for senior caregivers. In the work of rating and quality evaluation of senior care institutions, gradually increase the weight of indicators such as the proportion of caregivers for elderly caregivers and the elderly and the number of people who have obtained vocational skill level certificates. Carry out care activities for elderly caregivers, strengthen social promotion of advanced deeds and dedication of elderly caregivers, and respect the labor creation and social values of elderly caregivers.
Question 4: I just mentioned the training and promotion action for the elderly service personnel. Please introduce the relevant situation of the action.
Responsible comrades of the Department of Pension Services of the Ministry of Civil Affairs: Recently, after the consideration of the executive meeting of the State Council, the Ministry of Civil Affairs issued the "Implementation Opinions on Further Enlarging the Supply of Pension Services and Promoting the Consumption of Pension Services", and clearly proposed the implementation of training and promotion actions for the elderly service personnel to ensure the end of 2022 The former trained and trained 10,000 dean nursing home directors, 2 million old-age caregivers, and 100,000 full-time and part-time elderly social workers, and effectively improved the ability of sustainable development of old-age care. The Ministry of Civil Affairs and the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security will jointly advance this work. The main work ideas are:
The first is to strengthen the construction of training bodies. Carry out the construction of demonstration sites for the training of elderly caregivers. Guide local governments to make senior care service a priority area of vocational education, school-enterprise cooperation, and promote vocational colleges to expand the scale of senior care service training. Support qualified senior care institutions to organize vocational colleges for senior care services. Encourage social training institutions to carry out vocational skills training.
The second is to increase training funding support. Organize the compilation of training outlines and teaching materials for senior care workers. The elderly caregiver training will be taken as an important content of the Action Plan for the Promotion of Vocational Skills (2019-2021), and relevant subsidy policies will be implemented. Encourage places where conditions permit to establish subsidies for on-the-job aged caregivers to pursue a degree.
The third is to increase policy guarantees. It plans to work with the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security to jointly formulate policies and measures for the training of elderly caregivers, clarify timetables, road maps and local work tasks to ensure that tasks are completed.