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Director Guo Yuqiang, Deputy Director Zhao Yong, and Deputy Director Ni Chunxia introduced the "Opinions on Further Improving the Care and Service System for Rural Left-behind Children and Children in Distress" jointly issued by the 10 departments including the Ministry of Civil Affairs

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Moderator: Good morning, friends of the media. Today, we invited Director Guo Yuqiang, Deputy Director Zhao Yong, and Deputy Director Ni Chunxia of the Department of Child Welfare, and invited them to introduce the "Opinions on Further Improving the Care Service System for Rural Left-behind Children and Children in Distress in Rural Areas" jointly issued by the 10 departments including the Ministry of Civil Affairs 》 About the situation, and answer everyone's concerns. [05-27 10:01]

Moderator: Now, please ask Director Guo Yuqiang to introduce the relevant situation. [05-27 10:10]

Guo Yuqiang: Media friends: Good morning everyone! Thank you very much for your care and support for child welfare work! According to the arrangement of the press conference, I will first introduce the relevant situation of the "Opinions on Further Improving the Care and Service System for Left-behind Children in Rural Areas and Children in Distress," which has just been released. [05-27 10:11]

Guo Yuqiang: The CPC Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to children's welfare work, especially paying special attention to left-behind children in rural areas and children in need. In 2016, the State Council successively issued the Opinions on Strengthening the Care and Protection of Left-behind Children in Rural Areas and the Opinions on Strengthening the Protection of Needy Children in Rural Areas. Under the correct leadership of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, the care and protection of left-behind children in rural areas and the protection of poor children Important progress has been made in the work, the policy system has been further improved, the working mechanism has been further improved, the work has been further strengthened, and the level of care and services has been further improved. However, there are still many shortcomings in the construction of the care service system. For example, the institutional construction is not in place, the work force is not sufficient, the participation of social forces is not extensive, and the growth and development of children's social organizations is not sufficient. It has objectively affected and restricted rural areas. The care services for left-behind children and children in need have developed to a deeper level and higher quality. [05-27 10:13]

Guo Yuqiang: In order to thoroughly implement the spirit of General Secretary Jinping ’s important instructions on civil affairs and the spirit of the Fourteenth National Civil Affairs Conference, further focus on special groups, focus on the concerns of the masses, and effectively strengthen care services for left-behind children and children in distress in rural areas, the Ministry of Civil Affairs and the Ministry of Education , The Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of Justice, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, the Office of the Women and Children's Working Committee of the State Council, the Communist Youth League Central Committee, the All-China Women's Federation, and the China Disabled Persons' Federation "Opinions of the system", which is the document that everyone has at hand. This is the third document we issued in more than two years and three years after the two documents were issued in 2016. It is intensive in such a short time. There are not many such high-profile documents issued by a group. [05-27 10:15]

Guo Yuqiang: "Opinions" mainly make deployment requirements from four aspects: [05-27 10:22]

Guo Yuqiang: 1. Further clarified the functional positioning and development direction of minor assistance and protection agencies and child welfare agencies. [05-27 10:22]

Guo Yuqiang: First, clarify the functional positioning of the two types of institutions. There are two institutions in the field of child welfare, one is a traditional child welfare institution, and the other is a minor protection center that we concentrated on during the 13th Five-Year Plan period. [05-27 10:22]

Guo Yuqiang: It is clear that minor assistance and protection agencies provide assistance to minors who have nowhere to live, begging, guardianship violations, and temporary unsupervised minors. It is a relatively professional piece to assist civil affairs departments in promoting care services for left-behind children and children in need in rural areas. And other tasks, it is mainly responsible for temporary guardianship and organizing the care of rural left-behind children and children in distress. The child welfare agency (welfare home) is mainly responsible for the adoption and support of children under the age of 18 who are guardians of the civil affairs department. Long-term guardianship responsibility. Because this is according to the law, the child custody of the orphanage is in the civil affairs department. [05-27 10:22]

Guo Yuqiang: The second is to put forward ideas for the transformation and upgrading of minor assistance and protection institutions. There are three cases: the first is to promote the transformation of minors 'assistance and protection institutions that have been established to the minors; the second is to promote the integration of minors' assistance and protection institutions that have not yet been established Existing resources, clarify assistance management agencies, child welfare agencies, etc. to undertake the work of minor assistance and protection agencies; third, for those who have established minor assistance and protection agencies, but lack the ability to raise and care for children, promote their nearest entrustment Child welfare agencies provide parenting. [05-27 10:22]

Guo Yuqiang: Third, it is required to expand the social service function of child welfare institutions. The "Opinions" suggest that the localities should optimize the regional layout of child welfare institutions according to local conditions, and promote the transfer of children raised by county-level child welfare agencies with a small number of orphans, poor institutional facilities, and weak professional strengths to prefecture-level child welfare agencies. Push for regional parenting. For the county-level child welfare agencies that have transferred orphans, promote the establishment of child welfare guidance centers or the transition to minor assistance and protection agencies. Encourage qualified child welfare institutions at or above the city level to continuously expand the social service functions of intensive care, governance, education, and well-being, strive to integrate child welfare institutions into designated rehabilitation institutions, and explore opening to disabled children in poor families. This is a breakthrough. [05-27 10:22]

Guo Yuqiang: Second, the overall requirements for strengthening the construction of grass-roots work teams for children were further clarified. [05-27 10:23]

Guo Yuqiang: First, the personnel composition was clarified. The "Opinions" requires that a "child director" be set up at the village (resident) level, which shall be appointed by a village (resident) committee member, a college student village official, or a professional social worker, with priority given to female members of the village (resident) committee. Specifically responsible for the care services for left-behind children and children in need in rural areas. A “Child Supervisor” is set up at the level of township (street), and a staff member is designated by the township (street) people's government to take care of the care services of the township (street). Previously, the names were inconsistent. Some places were called child welfare directors, some were child rights monitors, some were child welfare supervisors, and some were uninsured. They all did the same job. In this regard, the "Opinions" regulate the future, collectively referred to as "child directors" at the village (residential) level and collectively referred to as "child supervisors" at the township (street) level, which further clarifies the identity and responsibilities, and also facilitates society Awareness and concern support their work. At the back of our document there is a responsibility for child supervisors and child directors. There are several items, all of which are clearly listed. [05-27 10:24]

Guo Yuqiang: The second is to clarify the training principles. The "Opinions" requires that localities organize the development of children's work backbones and teacher training in accordance with the principles of "hierarchical, diversified, operable, and full coverage". Local and municipal civil affairs departments are responsible for training child supervisors, and county civil affairs departments are responsible The child director is trained at least once a year, and the new child supervisor and child director can only start work after passing the training assessment. Because this work has just been launched, many places are held by women's federation directors, college student village officials, or social organizations in the village. They don't necessarily know how to do it. The level of specialization and refinement needs to be further improved, so they are trained. This is the first step. [05-27 10:25]

Guo Yuqiang: The third is to clarify tracking management. The "Opinions" requires that localities should establish and improve work tracking mechanisms for child supervisors and child directors, reward and praise those who perform their duties seriously, have their work carried out in place, and have outstanding performance, and include them in the scope of recommendations for awards and awards; Make timely adjustments for weak work responsibilities and weak work. All localities should rely on the national rural left-behind and distressed children information management system to implement real-name management of child supervisors and child directors, and enter and update personnel information in a timely manner. [05-27 10:26]

Guo Yuqiang: Third, further clarify the pattern of child care services in which multiple parties participate together. [05-27 10:26]

Guo Yuqiang: The first is to promote the cultivation of social organizations. It is required that the local civil affairs departments and juvenile assistance and protection institutions must actively cultivate social work service agencies, charity organizations and voluntary service organizations for children's services in various ways. It is necessary to support relevant social organizations to strengthen professional, refined and precise service capacity building, and provide preferential and convenient conditions in terms of venue provision, water and electricity concessions, food and accommodation security, and the opening of a special protection line for minors. [05-27 10:27]

Guo Yuqiang: The second is to call for the government to purchase services. This is written more clearly and more realistically. Local governments are required to include care and protection of rural left-behind children and protection of children in distress in the government's guide to purchasing services, increase government purchases, and focus on purchasing care services such as hotline operation, monitoring and evaluation, precision assistance, policy promotion, business training, and family visits. Not only is it clear to purchase services, but the focus of purchasing services is also regulated. At the same time, it is necessary to guide the social organizations that undertake the purchase of services to preferentially hire village (resident) child directors to assist in the above-mentioned work, and appropriately help to solve necessary expenses such as transportation and communication. Because child supervisors and child directors often go to children's homes, they have to travel a long way, and may also have phone calls, Internet WeChat visits, etc., so his transportation and communications are subsidized. [05-27 10:29]

Guo Yuqiang: The third is to mobilize the participation of all parties in the society. Support professionals such as social workers, legal workers, and psychological counselors to provide professional care services for the different characteristics of rural left-behind children and children in distress. Actively advocate enterprises to fulfill their social responsibilities, focus on strengthening assistance to poor rural left-behind children and children in distress and their families, and guide enterprises to urge employees to fulfill their responsibilities for guardianship of minor children according to law. Speaking of multi-party participation, I would like to thank all of our friends in the media again. You have given a lot of care, care and help to children's welfare work, especially left-behind children and children in distress. Some media such as CCTV, CCTV, People's Daily, Xinhua News Agency, and Economic Daily all reported on us, including reports on the care of children in various places. The open day media we organized actively participated and promoted the intensity of publicity. Thank you for your attention and attention. [05-27 10:32]

Guo Yuqiang: Fourth, further clarify the safeguard measures for child care services. [05-27 10:32]

Guo Yuqiang: First, all localities are required to adjust and improve the leadership and coordination mechanisms for the care and protection of rural left-behind children and the protection of children in distress at the provincial, city, and county levels. The civil affairs department shall give full play to its lead function and work with relevant departments to promote the construction of a care system for rural left-behind and children in need. Second, all localities are required to ensure the funding for care services for left-behind children in rural areas and children in need in accordance with actual needs. In particular, all localities are required to coordinate the use of funds such as subsidies for needy people to provide care services for left-behind children in rural areas and children in need. The lottery public welfare fund for social welfare under the Ministry of Civil Affairs and local governments at all levels shall gradually increase the use of child care services. Here are two pieces, because this document was issued by us and ten ministries including the Ministry of Finance. This is real money. The third is to clarify the respective responsibilities of the 10 departments, requiring each department to perform their duties and fulfill their responsibilities, and work together to promote the care and service of left-behind children in rural areas and children in need. [05-27 10:34]

Guo Yuqiang: In addition, the Opinions put forward specific requirements for strengthening the construction of a care service system for left-behind children and poor children in poor rural areas. It was also carried out in accordance with the central government's requirements to fight poverty. For example, it is required to support poverty-stricken areas, especially the "three districts and three states" and other minor poverty-stricken areas, to improve their service capabilities; to increase the support for the training of child supervisors and child directors in poor areas; Make overall plans to promote the development of social organizations for children's services in deeply impoverished areas; require continued funding to the poor areas. [05-27 10:35]

Guo Yuqiang: In the next step, we will guide all localities to implement the requirements of the Opinions in accordance with the actual situation, further improve the grass-roots care service system, improve the care service capacity, and effectively safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of left-behind children and children in poverty in rural areas. [05-27 10:35]

Guo Yuqiang: The content of the file is introduced here. Children's Day is down. Here, on behalf of all the comrades of the Department of Child Welfare, I wish the children and children of all ethnic groups a happy holiday. I sincerely wish that our rural left-behind children, poor children and lonely children can thrive and share reform and development. The results of this will allow children to thrive under the same blue sky in the motherland. thank you all! [05-27 10:35]

Moderator: Now enter the question link. Before asking a question, please report to the media agency you represent. [05-27 10:36]

Reporter from Central Broadcasting Corporation of China Central Radio and Television: I would like to ask the situation of the rescue and protection agencies. We know that the ten departments of the Ministry of Civil Affairs issued an opinion which mentioned the improvement of the service capabilities of minors' rescue service and protection agencies. Is the next step some targeted measures? [05-27 10:36]

Ni Chunxia: The juvenile assistance and protection institution is an important platform and service carrier for advancing the rescue and protection of minors. As we all know, the traditional institutions for minors are mainly for the protection and protection of street children. However, with the development of society in recent years, especially the development of children's work, the institutions for the rescue and protection of minors have also continued. Transformation and upgrading, especially in addition to street children, began to expand to children who need temporary shelter due to domestic violence, children who are temporarily unsupervised for various reasons, and provided them with some temporary care services. We have just made a nationwide Statistics show that there are currently 1806 juvenile assistance and protection institutions in the country, which are mainly divided into two categories. One is the juvenile protection center or the juvenile assistance protection center. There are currently 1482 such institutions and the other is There are 324 institutions with rescue and protection departments for minors established by the rescue management station. In 2018, China's minors' assistance and protection agencies helped to protect and protect all kinds of children. I just mentioned 68,000 times for homeless children, domestic violence children, and unsupervised children. In the State Council's "Opinions on Strengthening the Care and Protection of Left-behind Children" in 2016, the State Council put forward some clear requirements for the assistance and protection of minors, starting from inside the institution and developing outside the institution. For example, the "Opinions" put forward that minors People's assistance and protection institutions shall carry out family supervision and supervision work for township and town people's governments, sub-district offices, and village (resident) committees, and provide policy guidance and technical support. [05-27 10:41]

Ni Chunxia: The "Opinions" of the State Council of 2016 have related requirements. In practice, the Ministry of Civil Affairs has also continued to carry out minor protection work and played a greater role by conducting two consecutive pilots on the assistance and protection of minors. Various regions have also actively explored to provide protection and services for minor protection organizations to more rural left-behind children and children in distress, and have accumulated certain experience. Therefore, it is also the first in the "Opinions" of the ten departments we just issued. This time clarified the ten responsibilities of the minors' assistance and protection agencies under the leadership of the local civil affairs department. I would like to highlight some of these responsibilities: For example, the responsibility of the fourth middle school puts forward that minors' assistance and protection agencies should be responsible for guiding the basic information of rural left-behind children and children in distress, investigation, registration, and dynamic updates. The fifth responsibility is to promote the coordination and opening of the special protection line for minors. Everyone may have noticed that the city of Guangzhou released a 连线棋牌游戏大厅 last Friday. They have just opened a 24-hour helpline for children in need in Guangzhou. This is also the active action of our grass-roots minors assistance and protection agencies. In the fourth responsibilities, it is also proposed that minors' assistance and protection agencies should coordinately promote online and offline services such as guardianship assessment, case consultation, service transfer, and spiritual care. For key cases, consult and assist with relevant departments. Help. The seventh responsibility states that it is necessary to introduce and nurture the development of social organizations for children, recruit volunteers or mobilize other social forces to participate in the work of children, and facilitate their work. This convenience includes all aspects of convenience, as well as providing on-site support. In fact, we now have a lot of minor assistance and protection work. If you go to the grassroots to take a look, you will find that it is already a base for the cultivation and incubation of our children's social organizations. There are many children's social organizations that are nurtured and incubated in our minor centers, which has promoted the development of children's social organizations. The tenth item in the responsibilities of the minors' assistance and protection agency is to assist the judiciary in cracking down on child trafficking, domestic violence against children, coercion to deceive or use children to beg, etc. These ten responsibilities have also been issued to everyone as an attachment to this Opinion, and everyone can learn more about the situation. [05-27 10:41]

Ni Chunxia: In the next step, the Ministry of Civil Affairs will also increase work guidance and business training for minors' assistance and protection, promote the transformation and upgrading of institutions, and provide care services and assistance and protection for more children in need. Thank you! [05-27 10:41]

Guangming Daily Reporter: We all know that orphans are a particularly difficult group, and orphan protection work has always attracted our attention. Can you tell us about the latest progress in orphan protection work? [05-27 10:41]

Guo Yuqiang: On the basis of many years of work, starting in 2010, with the release of the Opinions on Strengthening the Protection of Orphans by the General Office of the State Council, the central government has established special transfer payments to subsidize the payment of basic living expenses for orphans. In recent years, the basic living security system for orphans has been gradually improved, the standards for orphan security have been continuously improved, and the content of orphan security has been continuously expanded. On this basis, after consultation with the Ministry of Finance, it was decided that starting from 2019, the central government will subsidize the standard of living expenses for orphans in the eastern, central, and western regions by an additional 50 yuan from the original 200 yuan, 300 yuan, and 400 yuan per person per month. % Means that each person has been increased to 300 yuan, 450 yuan, and 600 yuan per month, which has further strengthened the subsidies to various places. It is believed that the basic life of orphans can be better protected. [05-27 10:43]

Guo Yuqiang: While raising the standard of living allowances for orphans, we have gradually expanded the content of orphan guarantees to medical and educational guarantees. It is the four aspects of raising, governing, teaching, and health that I just talked about. Continue to implement the "Orphan Medical Rehabilitation Tomorrow Plan" to subsidize the out-of-pocket part of the medical reimbursement expenses for orphan medical rehabilitation expenses to support orphans in need of medical rehabilitation to weather the crisis. This is the "Tomorrow Plan" that has continued since 2004. In terms of education security, our ministry plans to implement related projects for orphans to study, forming a connection with the basic living security system for orphans, and for those who are admitted to college after adulthood, that is, those children who no longer receive the orphan's living security fee after 18 years of age. Orphans who continue to receive higher education after being admitted to university will provide living allowances to support children to complete their studies and create conditions for them to base themselves on and integrate into society. In the next step, we will further increase our efforts and improve relevant measures to effectively protect the legitimate rights and interests of orphans and promote their healthy growth. Thank you! [05-27 10:44]

CCTV reporter from CCTV: I see that the responsibilities of the child supervisor and child director are clearly specified in the opinions of our ten departments. What are the current status of these two teams and what are the next steps? [05-27 10:47]

Ni Chunxia: Everyone also knows that the key to the effectiveness of child protection is at the grassroots level, the focus is on the grassroots level, and the children are also on the grassroots level, so we have been paying close attention to how to build a grassroots level around children and families. The work team can really serve them. [05-27 10:48]

Ni Chunxia: In the 2016 State Council's "Opinions on Strengthening the Protection of Children in Distress", it was clearly stated that the village (neighborhood) committee should be established by a village (neighborhood) committee member, a college student village official, or a professional social worker. Part-time workforce for children. In recent years, the Ministry of Civil Affairs and local civil affairs departments have attached great importance to this work and have adopted many powerful measures. A group of caring and responsible people have been selected from village (neighborhood) committee members, college student village officials, and social workers. Staff as child workers. [05-27 10:49]

Ni Chunxia: Just now our reporter asked about the team building situation. At present, the country has been initially equipped with child supervisors at the township and street levels. There are currently 45,000 children. At the village (residential) level, there are children directors. Title, this time we collectively call the director of children through the "Opinions" of the ten departments, currently a total of 620,000. The 45,000 child supervisors and 620,000 child directors have achieved real-name management, all of which have been entered into the information system of child directors and child supervisors in our country. It can be said that the initial establishment of this force for us Consolidating the foundation for children's work, especially the last mile of getting through the caring service for children, has taken a gratifying first step. We can only say that this is the first step. We are just the beginning, because there is still a lot of work to be done later. [05-27 10:50]

Ni Chunxia: In the Ten Departments' Opinions issued this time, everyone also noticed that we have clearly specified six job responsibilities of the child director and eight basic job responsibilities of the child supervisor in the annex. I would like to pick some points below Briefly introduce everyone's job responsibilities. [05-27 10:51]

Ni Chunxia: For example, the sixth and third of the duties of a child supervisor are clearly responsible for the dynamic update of information on left-behind children in rural areas, children in distress, and orphans in diaspora, and establish and improve information ledger. That is to say, we have just mentioned that we have a national left-behind and distressed children information system. The end of this information system is regularly entered, updated and verified by child supervisors. The fourth responsibility is clear. It is responsible for instructing the child director to strengthen regular visits, key inspections, do compulsory reporting, transfer assistance, etc., that is to say, there is also a responsibility to strengthen the guidance of the village (resident) director. . For example, although there are only six job responsibilities for a child director, this responsibility is very clear and the tasks are relatively heavy. For example, in the second responsibility, it is clear that it is necessary to organize and carry out information investigation, timely grasp the basic information such as the life security, family supervision, and school attendance of the client, and report the information to the child supervisors in the township streets in time to form an up-and-down linkage. mechanism. The guardian of the left-behind children in rural areas and the entrusted guardian signed the “Confirmation of Trusted Guardianship”. As you may know, in the care and protection work of left-behind children in rural areas, we have a job responsibility that when parents go out to work, we must entrust other people to guard For their own children, left-behind children are not allowed to live alone. Such a form must be guided and witnessed by our child director. Parents, children, and entrusted guardians must sign such a "responsibility book" to clarify the rights and responsibilities of both parties. [05-27 10:54]

Ni Chunxia: The fourth responsibility of a child director, I think it is also a very important one. It is necessary to regularly follow up with poor monitoring, key children who are out of school, drop out of school, have no household registration, and have a disability. This means that the child director has one The important job responsibilities are to make frequent visits, understand the situation of some key children, assist in providing care services such as guardianship guidance, mental care, returning to school, and implementing family registration, and to inform children and families that comply with policies such as social assistance. And assist in applying. That is to say, many of our children, especially families of children with difficulties, do not know the relevant policies. At this time, our child director should tell these families, for example, two policies for the subsidy of disabled persons and orphan protection policies. Many policies require Inform these families through the child director, and then help these families to apply for the role of policy linking. For example, in the fifth item of the duties of a child director, it is clear that it is necessary to be responsible for reporting some special dangerous situations to the public security organ and its dispatched agencies in a timely manner. This is the mandatory reporting responsibility, which is very important. [05-27 10:56]

Ni Chunxia: For example, this child suddenly went to work with his parents and did not entrust a guardian to let the child live alone. This time, report it. For example, the child suddenly disappears, the guardian suddenly loses his guardianship or fails to perform his guardianship duties, or the child has suffered severe domestic violence. In these cases, our child director should speak up, and in severe cases, he should ask The public security organs reported that they could report to the child supervisors of townships and villages when encountering the general situation. These responsibilities are actually the clear requirements for the work of village (neighborhood) committees such as China ’s Anti-Domestic Violence Law and the two Opinions of the State Council. Of course, you may also feel that it is not the duty requirements for these child directors. Too high, in fact, we are not saying that we require the child directors to do some very specific tasks, which are professional in nature, but actually link policy resources. The report of this report does some work within its own ability. Some townships and even our districts and counties' civil affairs departments and inter-departmental linkages are used to solve some of the specific tasks that some children just mentioned are going to return to school and implement the household registration policy. [05-27 11:00]

Ni Chunxia: In fact, we also hope that through the team of children directors, there must be a team around our children and families that can be the eyes of the children, identify problems in a timely manner, and be able to be the mouth of the children and families to help them appeal. Problems, to do their legs, to help them run, to solve some problems, to make the mouths, eyes, and legs of children and families to help children and families solve practical problems. Of course, this team is still very unprofessional, because it is true that they lack energy, most of them are part-time, and their professionalism is not strong, so the Ministry of Civil Affairs will organize the preparation of the "Work Guide for Child Supervisors and Child Directors" in the next step. , Carry out demonstration training classes, including promoting social workers + child directors, using professional working forces to drive localized working forces, and increase guidance to these grass-roots work teams. At the same time, we will require civil affairs departments at all levels to And child supervisors to achieve full coverage of the training, and this training should be through a variety of forms, rich in content, so that grass-roots workers can understand and accept the way to let them understand their job responsibilities. The opinions of the ten departments have been put forward. At least once a year, the training should highlight such content as home visits, information updates, mandatory reports, and policy links to continuously improve their service capabilities. [05-27 11:03]

Ni Chunxia: I also particularly hope that our media friends can pay more attention to, pay more attention to, and publicize these grass-roots child supervisors and child directors. In fact, in the past two years we have found many touching stories of child directors. , We hope to be able to help us tell their stories well through media friends, and work with us to promote a caring service object who understands nostalgia, earth, and is rooted around children and families. Thank you! [05-27 11:03]

Correspondent of China Central Broadcasting and Television: We understand that the Ministry of Civil Affairs has recently issued the "Family Foster Evaluation Standards", and we can introduce the reasons and main contents of this standard. [05-27 11:03]

Zhao Yong: Family is a warm harbor for everyone, and it is a strong backing for each of us. The family environment is also the most suitable environment for children to grow up. Therefore, the civil affairs department, while continuing to promote adoption, is also actively promoting family fostering work, which has achieved relatively good results in recent years. As of now, there are 6,991 children fostered in families across the country. However, in our work, we also found that the work of family fostering needs to further unify the standards, refine the process and compact the responsibilities. Therefore, the Ministry of Civil Affairs has formulated the “Foster Care Evaluation Standards” in accordance with the “Foster Care Management Measures” and other relevant regulations. The purpose is to better protect the legitimate rights and interests of foster children and abandoned babies whose parents cannot be found in the Ministry of Civil Affairs, to safeguard the legitimate interests of foster families, and to perform the duties of civil affairs departments as guardians. [05-27 11:04]

Zhao Yong: The content of "Foster Care Evaluation Standards" has three aspects: [05-27 11:04]

Zhao Yong: In the first aspect, the relevant conditions of foster families depend on whether they meet the requirements and whether they can fulfill the relevant responsibilities. There are mainly the following: first, members of the foster family should not suffer from mental illness, mental illness and other diseases that may not be conducive to the child's growth; second, family members should not have Bad hobbies and no criminal record; Article 3 requires family harmony, harmonious neighborhood relations, and family members agree on home foster care; Article 4, stipulates that the number of children fostered in each foster family should not exceed 2 people, and the family does not have a common Children under the age of 6 can ensure that children are adequately cared for in foster homes. [05-27 11:05]

Zhao Yong: There is another aspect about the evaluation of foster families. Under certain circumstances, the civil affairs department or child welfare institution should lift the foster relationship with the foster family. There are several situations: First, the foster family or members have discrimination or abuse. The behavior of fostering children; the second is a major change in the family that makes it impossible to fulfill the fostering obligation; the third is to take the opportunity to raise funds for external collection; the fourth is to replace the main caregiver without authorization; the fifth is to apply Or falsification during the evaluation process to obtain qualifications; sixth, other circumstances not fulfilling the foster care agreement. In these six cases, the child welfare agency should release the foster relationship with the foster family. If there is any infringement of the rights of the foster child during the foster care period, it shall also report to the relevant department and hold the foster family legally responsible. [05-27 11:06]

Zhao Yong: The second aspect is about the evaluation of children. There are also several articles here: first, orphans under the age of 18, guardianship in the civil affairs department of the people's government at or above the county level, abandoned babies and children whose birth parents cannot be found; second, children have emotional needs for family care Article 3: Children's physical and mental conditions are suitable for family upbringing; Article 4, does not require long-term medical rehabilitation or long-term care (except where there is a rehabilitation base); Article 5, it is not suitable for family adoption in a short period of time . Whether a child is suitable for home foster care must meet these five conditions at the same time. [05-27 11:06]

Zhao Yong: The Standard also stipulates that there are several situations where children are not suitable for home foster care: The first is a severe disability that requires long-term dependence on medical rehabilitation, special education and other professional technologies for treatment and care, and patients (with rehabilitation bases) Exceptions); Article 2 is in the active period of infectious diseases; Article 3 is a serious mental illness or long-term abnormal emotional behavior. One of these three situations is not suitable for home foster care. [05-27 11:07]

Zhao Yong: The Standard also stipulates that before family foster care, the opinions of foster children who are over 8 years of age with normal cognition should be fully sought, that is, to seek children's opinions and respect the rights and interests of children. In order to evaluate the integration of children and families, the standard also sets up a foster foster integration period, which is generally no less than 60 days and no more than 90 days. After the end of the integration period, a formal foster foster relationship is determined based on the results of the assessment. [05-27 11:07]

Zhao Yong: The third aspect is about the evaluation process. The "Standard" stipulates that child welfare agencies give priority to entrusting third-party forces, such as qualified social work service agencies, to conduct evaluations through the purchase of services, making the evaluation of home foster care more independent, professional, and authoritative. The results are open, fair and just. [05-27 11:07]

Zhao Yong: The "Standard" stipulates that the evaluation should set up a special evaluation team of not less than 3 people, composed of the team leader and team members (should be an odd number), and implement the team leader responsibility system. The leader of the assessment team should have more than 3 years of work experience related to child welfare, and the members of the assessment team should have more than 1 year work experience related to child welfare. [05-27 11:07]

Zhao Yong: The Standard also stipulates that the establishment of a family fostering archives management system should be strengthened, and children's personal growth archives should be kept permanently. thank you all! [05-27 11:07]

Peasant Daily reporter: "The State Council's Opinions on Strengthening the Care and Care of Rural Left-behind Children" has been issued for more than three years. Please tell us about the effectiveness of this work, especially what has been done in combination with tackling poverty. [05-27 11:10]

Guo Yuqiang: Director Ni, please answer this question. [05-27 11:11]

Ni Chunxia: A reporter just said that the "State Council's Opinion on Strengthening the Care and Protection of Rural Left-behind Children" has been issued for three years. In fact, the "State Council's Opinion on Strengthening the Protection of Children in Distress" has also been issued for three years. Introduce the main work done by the Ministry of Civil Affairs among rural left-behind children and children in distress. Because some of our media friends have already publicized and reported on some of the early work, I will make a very brief introduction. [05-27 11:11]

Ni Chunxia: In the first aspect, we will promote and improve the system of policies and regulations. After the two "Opinions" of the State Council were issued, the local governments were promoted to introduce specific and specific measures for the operation. [05-27 11:13]

Ni Chunxia: In the second aspect, the leadership coordination mechanism has been improved. After the State Council ’s “Opinions” came out in 2016, the State Council had approved the Ministry of Civil Affairs to lead the establishment of an inter-ministerial joint work system for the care and protection of rural left-behind children. At the end of August last year, the State Council approved the Ministry of Civil Affairs to take the lead in establishing the care and protection of rural left-behind children. And inter-ministerial joint meeting system for the protection of children in distress. [05-27 11:13]

Ni Chunxia: In the third aspect, the dynamic management of information has been strengthened. We have established an information system for left-behind children and children in distress across the country, and have realized real-time information entry and dynamic update. [05-27 11:14]

Ni Chunxia: In the fourth aspect, together with the Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of Education and other 7 departments to carry out special care and protection activities for rural left-behind children “joint guardianship and growing up together” to help implement the responsibilities of family guardianship, mandatory reporting, registration of registration, control of dropout insurance, etc. [05-27 11:14]

Ni Chunxia: In the fifth aspect, focus on strengthening supervision and evaluation. Introduced a third-party force for three consecutive years to conduct independent assessments and surveys in 38 counties in 18 provinces; the Ministry of Civil Affairs has included supervision of the care and protection of rural left-behind children for three consecutive years as a key content of strengthening the Ministry's grassroots civil affairs work. [05-27 11:14]

Ni Chunxia: In the sixth aspect, policy guidance should be strengthened. Through the production of public welfare publicity videos for caring and protection, and activities such as "100 field lectures on the construction site", the main responsibility of family supervision is continuously strengthened, and the social atmosphere of caring for rural left-behind children and children in distress in the whole society is continuously created. [05-27 11:14]

Ni Chunxia: Regarding the work of fighting poverty, the Ministry of Civil Affairs has always taken the work of strengthening left-behind children and children in distress in rural areas as the key task to win the battle against poverty and strengthen the protection of people's livelihood. [05-27 11:14]

Ni Chunxia: First, strengthen the support for funds. For the first time this year, the Ministry of Civil Affairs earmarked 400 million yuan in social protection funds for minors from the central government's financial assistance for the needy. This fund can be used for the collection of clues for rescue and protection, investigation and evaluation of guardianship, and follow-up visits. This fund In the process of distribution, we have given priority to the deeply impoverished areas and the "three regions and three states." [05-27 11:15]

Ni Chunxia: The second is to increase support for the project. We recommend national key children's social organizations and excellent projects to be implemented in poor areas. Among the children's social organizations contacted by the Department of Child Welfare in the past two years, about 70% of the projects have been invested in poor areas. [05-27 11:16]

Ni Chunxia: The third is to increase training and support. Training resources and training places are constantly tilted towards poor areas. In 2019, we will use financial funds and international cooperation project funds of more than 1.4 million yuan to organize 22 provinces in the central and western regions, "three regions and three states", and Luo Xiaoshan. Training of the backbone of children's work in the area. [05-27 11:17]

Ni Chunxia: Fourth, through work guidance, local governments support the assistance and protection of minors and child welfare agencies in poverty-stricken areas, especially in the "three districts and three states" through work trials, fixed-point assistance, and mutual learning Continuously improve work service capabilities. Because we have a lot of good experience in developed regions, how can we promote the ability of institutions in poor areas to continuously improve their work capabilities, and help institutions in poor areas improve their ability to work through pairing assistance. [05-27 11:18]

Ni Chunxia: There has been some progress in the past few years. We also know that our work still has a long way to go, and there are still many problems to be solved in my work. I personally think that there are currently several jobs in our work that are also very urgent. Need to help us appeal together, for example, in some cases, you may also find that some families refuse to perform their custody responsibilities, that is, the child has parents, but the parents refused to perform their custody responsibilities, causing the child to fall into life, study In every way. In the next step, it is necessary to work with relevant departments, including the public security department, to guide, criticize, and educate parents, and even to conduct joint admonitions so that parents can fulfill their responsibility for guardianship in accordance with the law. [05-27 11:19]

Ni Chunxia: Everyone also knows that, in fact, parents have an unshirkable responsibility to their children, whether emotionally or legally. They ca n’t afford to raise their father, and the child ’s most desired emotion comes from the parents. Therefore, we also invite media friends to join us in calling on parents to effectively fulfill their legal duties as first guardians. For those who refuse to perform their duties, we will also take certain legal measures with relevant departments, for example, they already have the support of relevant laws and policies, and those who refuse to perform their duties can be deprived of guardianship through legal procedures. In our work, we hope that media friends will help us to call on parents to effectively guard their responsibility and establish a sense of guardianship. [05-27 11:22]

Ni Chunxia: At the same time, in our work, we also found that there are still difficulties in finding, reporting, and handling difficult children, especially those in more serious difficulties, which is also the focus of our next work. It is to consolidate the four-in-one rescue and protection mechanism of discovery report, emergency treatment, assessment assistance, and monitoring intervention. The actual discovery is a very important link. Why we just introduced it is necessary to consolidate the discovery report duties of the director of the children in the village (residence), because these children, especially those in trouble, are scattered in the village (residence) and scattered on the street. , Scattered in various towns and villages, if there is no team to find them, in fact, a series of measures to solve these children later can not be activated. Therefore, we want to consolidate grassroots work forces, start discovery, reporting, and co-operation between departments to effectively protect the health of our children. Thank you! [05-27 11:24]

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