Our reporter Lei Yao Correspondent Wang Xisong
Formulated and promulgated Ankang local standards of “Service Specifications for Support Services for Rural Poverty-stricken Persons” to fill the gaps in the province; launched a pilot system of notification of commitments on decentralization of urban and rural minimum guarantees and certification in the field of social assistance; A caring atmosphere of spiritual comfort, instruction, entertainment, care, protection of rights and interests, and safety and security; exploring ways to stimulate the endogenous motivation of poor people with the moral comment method of "the masses speak, the villagers speak, and the list shines" A new road ... In recent years, Ankang, Shaanxi, known as the "Qin Ba Pearl", has been highlighting the work of poverty alleviation.
"Ankang, which means 'Ankang Kangtai', has both the grandeur of Bashan and the beauty of Hanshui. However, the landform of 'Eight Hills, One Water, and One Fentian' has led to the district 1 and 9 counties being concentrated and contiguous areas in extreme poverty. The population ranks first in Shaanxi Province, with deep poverty and heavy poverty alleviation tasks. "Xu Qihan, director of the Ankang Civil Affairs Bureau, told reporters," Since this year, the civil affairs departments at all levels in the city have united their efforts, implemented precise policies, and comprehensively and comprehensively pushed forward the poverty alleviation and security work. The bottom line in rural areas, assistance and support for extremely poor people, temporary assistance and emergency solutions, social welfare for the disabled, care and protection of left-behind children and children in distress, and care for the left-behind elderly, the "six guarantee nets," become more and more solid. "
Undertake the pilot application for assistance at the doorstep
In 2016, Ningshan County took the lead in exploring the grading approval for temporary assistance, and delegated the authority for temporary assistance approval below 1,000 yuan to the town, fully embodying the effect of "rescue in difficult situations". In 2019, two pilot projects will be carried out in Zhuchewan Township, demonstrating the decentralization of urban and rural minimum guarantee approval authority, and proving notifications in the field of social assistance.
After the approval authority is decentralized, the town government assumes the main responsibility from application acceptance to review and approval. The town mayor is the first person responsible and is fully responsible for the minimum guarantee approval. Village-level organizations are responsible for data collection, household surveys, democratic evaluation, public disclosure, and dynamic management. Increase the township approval authority and reduce the closing time to 20 working days. Let the masses feel the convenience of doing things at their doorsteps in the process of reducing links, materials, time, and roads, and realize the benefits brought by the reform of civil administration's "decentralization of services".
"After the decentralization of the examination and approval authority, the county civil affairs bureau mainly assumes the responsibility for supervision, guidance, error correction, and assessment in social assistance work. In order to avoid the pilot work being left alone, the county civil affairs bureau also formulated performance management measures." Ningshan Chen Yanzi, the director of the county civil affairs bureau, told reporters, “Through information comparison, telephone verification, data review, home visits, and proportional random checks, etc., we will strengthen the dynamic supervision and performance evaluation of the pilot work, increase disciplinary punishment and accountability, and ensure the pilot. Work is benign and orderly. "
Protect your pockets and make a happy new life
In recent years, the Ankang Civil Affairs Bureau has established a working mechanism for actively finding the needy, and has carried out four times to compare and approve the data of the social assistance monitoring system and the poverty alleviation big data platform, and strictly guard against "disengagement" and "missing insurance". The investigation of severe illness and severe disability has been carried out twice, and 4,237 people who meet the conditions are covered by the single insurance.
The "two cares and three guarantees" for the impoverished support staff is the top priority. The six counties (districts) in Hanbin, Shiquan, Ningshan, Ziyang, Pingli, and Baihe have used resettlement funds to build 57 new homes for the elderly. Extra beds were 8,776. New resettlement homes for the elderly will be provided through resettlement funds, and the “turnkey” project of resettlement will be effectively linked to the housing guarantees of the extremely poor people, and the problem of safe housing for the people with special difficulties in rural areas and the supporters for the poor people in rural areas will be coordinated. At the same time, the establishment of standardization demonstration parks for rural nursing homes was carried out intensively, and the implementation of the "Service Standards for Rural Specially Impoverished Support Service Institutions in Ankang City" was implemented to improve the service quality of the support institutions.
Since the beginning of this year, all 10 counties (districts) have issued opinions on implementation, clarifying the issue of grading and approving temporary assistance, first-aid assistance, the implementation of temporary assistance reserve funds, and the subsequent supervision of temporary assistance funds. So far, a total of 39.5 million yuan in temporary assistance reserves have been allocated to towns (streets). Launched a disability subsidy information system, and accumulatively supported 540 people with severe disabilities by purchasing services from the government. Establish an information account for rural left-behind elderly to ensure that the rural left-behind elderly are visited once a quarter to achieve dynamic management; fully implement the basic living security of orphans and disabled children and de facto unsupported children, and ensure that counties (districts) update rural left-behind quarterly The information database for children and children in distress has allocated more than 11.51 million yuan in protection funds. There are more than 28,000 minors under the age of 18 and 1,460 left-behind children under the age of 16 in the Shiquan County, a key county in the Qinba Mountain area for poverty alleviation and development. The county has strongly promoted the rescue of left-behind children as the focus of the county ’s overall poverty alleviation. It has established and improved the “1225” working model of “around one goal, building two platforms, building two teams, and implementing five major mechanisms”, creating a system. A care and protection system for left-behind and distressed children with sound, effective mechanisms, effective measures and standardized services.
Shouzheng Innovation "Run" out of poverty and "Acceleration"
Liu Bo, suffering from a disability, is a poor household in the Zhaihe community of Jinzhai Town, Xunyang County. He is self-reliant, and does not depend on it. He grows 7 acres of flue-cured tobacco and raises 15 pigs. After the typical case, his deeds appeared on the community's "good deeds" list, and he was on the 2017 "Shaanxi Good People" list. The same community resident Ji Mou was regarded as a lazy man because he was drunk and “waiting for help”. After being evaluated as a laggard, the community arranged 3 cadres to be responsible for the transformation of his assistants to help and guide him to develop 24 acres of flue-cured tobacco and raise cattle. 4 pigs and 3 new houses on the original site. By carrying out ethical appraisal, Zhimou regained confidence in life and won respect from the neighborhood.
Aiming at the problems of grassroots social governance in the new period and the phenomenon of "equal reliance" in poverty alleviation, in recent years, Xunyang County has actively explored the basic social governance model of "three-government integration of rule of virtue, rule of law, and autonomy." The three important links of "Xiangxianlun and bright on the list", ethics councils are held once a quarter, and the "new folk style" is actively advocated, which has stimulated the endogenous motivation of poor households to get rid of poverty and become rich. In 2018, the Ministry of Civil Affairs and the Provincial Department of Civil Affairs twice went to Xunyang to investigate and summarize; in 2019, Xunyang County's "party construction leads to the integration of the three governances" grassroots social governance model was also published in full in the nationwide community construction ministerial joint conference system.
In order to consolidate the work together, Ankang Civil Affairs Bureau also mobilized 30 municipal-level social organizations to set up 4 solidarity groups for poverty alleviation, and concentratedly assisted the 4 poverty-stricken counties in the city in a “many to one” manner. Establish a social organization to participate in the poverty alleviation project library and poverty alleviation work account, mobilize social organizations to invest more than 10.39 million yuan in poverty alleviation funds, benefiting more than 18,000 people in need.
Ankang City also makes full use of big data, the Internet and other means to create a space for poverty alleviation, establishes "three service platforms" for product sales, employment services, industrial development, and assistance training for people in need, and provides comprehensive and accurate services for people in need. Up to now, more than 50,000 employment information have been pushed, and more than 11,000 people in difficulty find jobs nearby and transfer employment to increase their income. Among them, more than 2,200 people are covered by the minimum living allowance, and more than 1,000 needy left-behind women have recommended jobs.
Xu Qihan said that 2020 will be the decisive year for winning the tough battle against poverty and building a well-off society in an all-round way. Fighting poverty is a tough battle. Ankang civil officials will conscientiously implement General Secretary Xi Jinping's important instructions on civil affairs. In accordance with the requirements of the "three focuss", deepen civil administration reforms, lay a solid foundation for protection, and keep up with innovation and comprehensive measures to lift poverty for Ankang. Taking off the cap contributes to civil affairs.
(Source: China Social News 2019.12.19)